The Study of Cognitive Change Process on Depression during Aerobic Exercises IC01-IC05
Dr. Arash Parsa Moghadam,
Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, University Ave,
Shahid Shiroudi Blvd, Postal-code: 67146-9914, Iran.
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Introduction: Several studies have shown that aerobic exercise is effective in treating the depression and improving the mental health. There are various theories which explains why aerobic exercise is effective in the treatment of depression and improve mental health, but there are limited studies to show how cognitive components and depression improve during aerobic exercises.
Aim: The current study was carried out to investigate the cognitive change process during aerobic exercises in depressed students.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted through structural equation modeling; the study sample included 85 depressed students. Participants were selected through purposive sampling method. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), Automatic Negative Thoughts (ATQ), and the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS) were used as the data collection instruments. The participants received eight sessions of aerobic exercise (three times a week). The obtained data was analysed by AMOS-18 & SPSS 18 software.
Results: The results showed that depression (p=0.001), automatic thoughts (ferquency p=0.413, beliefs p=0.676) and dysfunctional assumptions (p=0.219) reduce during aerobic exercise; however, it was only meaningful for the depression. The casual and consequential models were not fit to the data and partially and fully interactive models provided an adequate fit to the data.
Conclusion: Fully interactive model provided the best fit of the data. It seems that aerobic exercise reduced cognitive components separately leading to reduce depression.