Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC20 - ZC23

Quantitative Analysis of Remineralization of Artificial Carious Lesions with Commercially Available Newer Remineralizing Agents Using SEM-EDX- In Vitro Study” ZC20-ZC23

Zaheer Ahmed Shaik, Tanikonda Rambabu, Girija Sajjan, Madhu Varma, Kalyan Satish, Vijayalakshmi Bhupathi Raju, Sirisha Ganguru, NagalKashmi Ventrapati

Dr. Zaheer Ahmed Shaik,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Vishnu Dental College,
Bhimavaram-534201, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Introduction: The basic principle of remineralization is by advocating a biological or non-invasive approach rather than the surgical approach for early enamel lesions. There are relatively newer products available for remineralization, latest being the resin-infiltration technique, commercially available as Icon.

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the remineralizing potential of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP), Vantej and Icon by the quantitative evaluation of mineral gain.

Materials and Methods: Seventy eight maxillary premolars were decoronated at Cemento-Enamel Junction (CEJ) and then sectioned mesio-distally using diamond disc into two halves. Mineral content of the sound specimens were recorded using Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDAX) micro-analyser. The samples were then subjected to demineralization by using demineralizing solution. The samples were grouped (n=26) based on the remineralizing agent used, Group 1: Vantej, Group 2: CPP-ACP, Group 3: Icon. After the application of remineralizing agent, the mineral content was measured using EDAX.

Results: After remineralization, there was a significant difference between the groups when calcium and phosphorous ratios (Ca:P) were compared, showing greater potential of remineralization for CPP-ACP followed by Vantej and Icon group.

Conclusion: CPP-ACP performed better than Vantej and Icon in remineralizing the demineralized enamel.