Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2017 | Month : June | Volume : 11 | Issue : 6 | Page : OC37 - OC40

Frequency of Polyneuropathy in Patients on Long Term Peritoneal Dialysis Treatment OC37-OC40

Taner Basturk, Yener Koc, Arzu Ozdemir Kayalar, Figen Yilmaz, Nuri Baris Hasbal, Tamer Sakaci, Elbis Ahbap, Abdulkadir Unsal

Correspondence
Dr. Taner Basturk,
Associate Professor, Department of Nephrology, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital Halaskargazi cad.,
Etfal sok., PK: 34371, Istanbuls, Turkey.
E-mail: tanerbast@yahoo.com

Introduction: Uremic polyneuropathy is very common among patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). The patients have electrophysiologic signs of impaired nerve function, although a lower percentage of patients are symptomatic. Electrophysiological parameters are quantitative indices of Polyneuropathy (PNP) severity.

Aim: To assess the frequency of PNP in patients on long term Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) treatment.

Materials and Methods: Twenty three PD patients were analysed, who were receiving dialysis for at least five years and the study population divided into two groups according to duration of PD treatment. Group 1 consisted of the patients who were dialysed for at least 10 years and Group 2 consisted of patients who were dialysed for five to nine years. Patients who switched from Haemodialysis (HD) to PD and patients with coexisting diseases that could lead to disturbances in nerve conduction were excluded from the study. PNP was diagnosed when slowing of Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) and/or lengthening of distal latencies and/or decrease in amplitude of muscle action potential were present in two or more nerves and longer F wave response was present in one or two nerves. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) was diagnosed if slowing of NCV and/or decrease in amplitude of muscle action potential and/or lengthening of distal latency of either sensory or motor median nerve present.

Results: PNP was observed in 17 of the patients {73.9%; Group 1 (n=10) and Group 2 (n=7)}. Mixed type sensory motor neuropathy was diagnosed in nine patients from Group 1 and five patients from Group 2; one patient from Group 1 had demyelinating PNP affecting motor and sensory nerves; one patient from Group 2 had axonal PNP affecting motor and sensory nerves. From Group 1, two patients had CTS related to PNP and one patient had CTS without PNP. The results of motor conductivity testing showed lower conduction velocity for left popliteal nerve in Group 1 and Group 2 patients (13.852.17 ms, 4.801.11 ms, p=0.01). In both groups, mean motor and sensory latency, amplitude and velocity of other nerves were not found to be significantly different (p>0.05).

Conclusion: PNP is a common complication in long term PD patients. Over five years of treatment, frequency of PNP and CTS do not increase with duration of dialysis.