Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Model to Predict Depression among Geriatric Population at a Slum in Kolkata, India VC01-VC04
Dr. Arkaprabha Sau,
Professor Colony, Kanakpur, Panskura R.S., Purba Medinipur-721152, West Bengal, India.
Introduction: Depression is one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity among the geriatric population. Although, the aging brain is more vulnerable to depression, it cannot be considered as physiological and an inevitable part of aging. Various sociodemographic and morbidity factors are responsible for the depression among them. Using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model depression can be predicted from various sociodemographic variables and co morbid conditions even at community level by the grass root level health care workers.
Aim: To predict depression among geriatric population from sociodemographic and morbidity attributes using ANN.
Materials and Methods: An observational descriptive study with cross-sectional design was carried out at a slum under the service area of Bagbazar Urban Health and Training Centre (UHTC) in Kolkata. Among 126 elderlies under Bagbazar UHTC, 105 were interviewed using predesigned and pretested schedule. Depression status was assessed using 30 item Geriatric Depression Scale. WEKA 3.8.0 was used to develop the ANN model and test its performance.
Results: Prevalence of depression among the study population was 45.7%. Various sociodemographic variables like age, gender, literacy, living spouse, working status, personal income, family type, substance abuse and co morbid conditions like visual problem, mobility problem, hearing problem and sleeping problem were taken into consideration to develop the model. Prediction accuracy of this ANN model was 97.2%.
Conclusion: Depression among geriatric population can be predicted accurately using ANN model from sociodemographic and morbidity attributes.