Recurrent Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence in a Treated Case of Carcinoma Cervix QD01-QD02
Dr. Yamini Kansal,
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Room no. 3076, Third floor, Teaching Block,
AIIMS, Ansarinagar, New Delhi-110029, India.
Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence (VCD) is partial or total separation of anterior and posterior vaginal cuff layers. We report a case of recurrent vault cuff dehiscence in a patient of cervical carcinoma. A 60-year-old treated case of carcinoma cervix post surgery and radiotherapy was found to have vault dehiscence and intestinal prolapse second time during a routine speculum examination. She underwent an emergency laparotomy and closure of vault. Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence with Evisceration (VCDE) is a rare but potentially fatal complication following hysterectomy. Postoperative infection, poor technique, hematoma, coitus before healing, radiotherapy, corticosteroid therapy are the risk factors. Radiotherapy leads to progressive obliterative endarteritis and resultant tissue hypoxia. There is paucity of literature regarding the best management of VCD, but early corrective intervention is necessary. Patients and the treating physicians should be made aware of this possibility especially those receiving adjuvant radiation or cases of robotic or laparoscopic hysterectomies.