Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : IC06 - IC09

The Relationship between Anxiety and Coping Strategies in Family Caregivers of Patients with Trauma

Mozhgan Rahnama, Hosien Shahdadi, Somyeh Bagheri, Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam, Ahmad Absalan

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Sistanvbalouchistan, Iran. 2. Instructor, Department of Nursing, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Sistanvbalouchistan, Iran. 3. Instructor, Department of Biostatistics, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Sistanvbalouchistan, Iran. 4. Instructor, Department of Nursing, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Sistanvbalouchistan, Iran. 5. Student, Department of Nursing, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Sistanvbalouchistan, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Hosien Shahdadi,
Ferdowsi St, Zabol, Sistanvbalouchistan-9993139146, Iran.
E-mail: hosienshahdadi@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Traumatic events are of high incidence and affect not only the patient but also their family members, causing psychological problems such as stress and anxiety for caregivers of these patients. Therefore, the application of appropriate coping strategies by them seems necessary in order to promote mental health.

Aim: To study the relationship of anxiety with coping strategies in family caregivers of trauma patients.

Materials and Methods: The present research was a descriptive-correlational study which was carried out on 127 family caregivers of patients with trauma in intensive care unit, surgery ward and emergency unit of Amir al-Mu'minin Hospital of Zabol, Sistan and Baluchestan Province. The respondents were selected based on the convenience sampling method. Demographics questionnaire, DASS-21, and Coping Strategies Questionnaire were used for data collection. The obtained data were statistically analysed using descriptive statistics, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), t-test, and Pearson correlation coefficient in statistical package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0.

Results: Based on the results, 89.9% of family caregivers suffer from mild to severe anxiety. The most common type of coping strategy used by the respondents was emotion-focused. The results showed no relationship between anxiety and emotion-centrism, but an inverse relationship was found between problem-centrism and anxiety.

Conclusion: The majority of family caregivers had anxiety. Given, the inverse relationship between the level of anxiety and the use of problem-based coping strategy, in addition to identifying and reducing the causes of anxiety in caregivers. It is recommended that appropriate coping strategies should be trained to them.

Keywords

Family members, Stress Traumatic events

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25951.9673

Date of Submission: Dec 11, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Dec 23, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Feb 01, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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