Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC09 - ZC12

Evaluation of Interdental Spaces of the Mandibular Posterior Area for Orthodontic Mini-Implants with Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

Seyed Hossein Moslemzadeh, Aydin Sohrabi, Ali Rafighi, Yusef Kananizadeh, Amin Nourizadeh

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbayjan, Iran. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbayjan, Iran. 3. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbayjan, Iran. 4. Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbayjan, Iran. 5. Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbayjan, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Ali Rafighi,
Department of Orthodontics, Golgasht Street, Azadi Ave., Tabriz-5165654186, East Azerbayjan, Iran.
E-mail: rafighi_ali@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: The use of mini-implants has increased in recent years because of their role in absolute anchorage, but the placement sites may affect the success or failure of the procedure, so it is very important to determine the appropriate and safe location for orthodontic mini-implants. On the other hand, the Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), which offers clear 3-Dimentional (3D) images, has been widely used in orthodontics and implant dentistry for surgical guidance of mini-implant placement.

Aim: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate inter-radicular spaces between mandibular canines to second molars using cone beam 3D images.

Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study, maxillofacial CBCT scan data were obtained from 40 adults. The 3D images were evaluated in five axial sections at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mm from the cementoenamel Junction (CEJ). To determine inter-radicular spaces, tangent lines were drawn buccolingually to the roots in axial section and the minimum distance between these two lines was measured. The data was analysed using Friedman test with SPSS(ver.13).

Results: Interradicular spaces of canine to second molar increased from cervical to apical direction. The maximum distance was recorded at 4 mm from the CEJ between first and second molars.

Conclusion: According to our findings there is a distinct pattern of inter-radicular space changes in mandible. Attention to this pattern during placement of mini-implants can ensure the safety of the procedure.

Keywords

Anchorage preparation, Temporary anchorage devices, Tooth movement

How to cite this article :

Seyed Hossein Moslemzadeh, Aydin Sohrabi, Ali Rafighi, Yusef Kananizadeh, Amin Nourizadeh. EVALUATION OF INTERDENTAL SPACES OF THE MANDIBULAR POSTERIOR AREA FOR ORTHODONTIC MINI-IMPLANTS WITH CONE-BEAM COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 Apr 29 ]; 11:ZC09-ZC12. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=April&volume=11&issue=4&page=ZC09-ZC12&id=9520

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25436.9520


Date of Submission: Nov 14, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Dec 03, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Jan 03, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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