Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC115 - ZC118

Periodontal and Dentition Status among Orphans and Children with Parents in Mysore City, India: A Comparative Study

Ravi Kumar Thetakala, S Sunitha, BR Chandrashekar, Priyanka Sharma, NC Krupa, Y Srilatha

1. Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, Mysuru, Karnataka, India. 2. Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, Mysuru, Karnataka, India. 3. Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, Mysuru, Karnataka, India. 4. Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, Mysuru, Karnataka, India. 5. Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, Mysuru, Karnataka, India. 6. Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Ravi Kumar Thetakala,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital,
Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, JSS Medical Institution Campus, SS Nagar, Mysuru-570015, Karnataka, India.
E-mail: ravikumar.dental@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Oral health symbolises the general health and quality of life of an individual. The socioeconomic status of the parents shows direct impact on oral health status of children. Thus, it can be hypothesised that the pattern of oral diseases would be different among children living with parents and orphans.

Aim: To explore periodontal and dentition status among orphans and children with parents in Mysore city, India.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among six to 15-year-old children residing in eight orphanages. Equal number of age and gender matched children living with parents were selected from government schools (non orphans) located in the same geographical areas for comparison. Clinical examination was conducted by a single trained, calibrated examiner and oral findings were recorded according to World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria 2013. The data collected was analysed using Mann–Whitney U test and Chi-square test.

Results: A total of 957 children (478 from orphanages and 479 from government schools) were examined in the study. The mean defs and DMFS were significantly higher among government school children (non orphans) (defs: 3.20±4.0; DMFS: 2.43±2.8) compared to children from orphanages (defs: 2.72±4.4; DMFS: 1.72±2.3). Prevalence of gingival bleeding among orphans (79.49%) was higher compared to non orphans (71.4%).

Conclusion: The present study concluded that prevalence of caries was lower among orphans but periodontal status was poor among them as compared to non orphans.

Keywords

Gingival bleeding, Oral health status, DMFT (Decayed, Missing and Filled teeth)

How to cite this article :

Ravi Kumar Thetakala, S Sunitha, BR Chandrashekar, Priyanka Sharma, NC Krupa, Y Srilatha. PERIODONTAL AND DENTITION STATUS AMONG ORPHANS AND CHILDREN WITH PARENTS IN MYSORE CITY, INDIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 Apr 25 ]; 11:ZC115-ZC118. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=April&volume=11&issue=4&page=ZC115-ZC118&id=9748

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25655.9748


Date of Submission: Nov 26, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Jan 31, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Mar 02, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: As stated above.

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