Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC45 - ZC48

Anxiety Levels among Five-Year-Old Children Undergoing ART Restoration - A Cross-Sectional Study

Ishan, K.K. Shivlingesh, Vartika Agarwal, Bhuvan Deep Gupta, Richa Anand, Abhinav Sharma, Sumedha Kushwaha, Khateeb Khan

1. Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. 2. Associate Professor, Departent of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. 3. Reader, Departent of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. 4. Reader, Departent of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. 5. Senior Lecturer, Departent of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. 6. Senior Lecturer, Departent of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. 7. Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Grea

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Ishan,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry,
I.T.S. Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, 47, Knowledge Park III, Greater Noida-201310, Uttar Pradesh, India.
E-mail: ishanrss08@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) involves manually excavating the carious part of the tooth and restoring the prepared cavity with chemically adhesive restorative material [Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC)] and it may induce and/or impact the dental anxiety in children. It is well established that ART procedure is less anxiety producing when compared with other restorative procedures using dental drill.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anxiety levels among five-year-old children undergoing ART restoration in I.T.S. Dental College, Greater Noida, India.

Materials and Methods: A sample of 50, five-year-old children visiting the Outpatient Department (OPD) of ITS Dental College, Greater Noida was selected for ART treatment using Fuji IX GIC. Modified Venham Anxiety Scale based on their behaviour and heart rate of the children were measured and recorded before, during and after the ART procedure. Heart rate was measured using Radial Pulse examination method. Chi-square test was used and tests were conducted using IBM SPSS software (ver.20.0; IBM, Chicago, IL, USA).

Results: Before the ART treatment, heart rates and Modified Venham Anxiety Scores of majority of children were higher than that after the treatment. A p-value was statistically significant (0.028 and 0.048 respectively) for association of gender with heart rate and Modified Venham’s score before the ART treatment. No statistically significant relation was found between the variables during and after the ART treatment.

Conclusion: The level of anxiety for ART treatment in children was higher before the treatment than that during and after the treatment. There is a correlation between the gender of children and their level of anxiety for ART treatment.

Keywords

Atraumatic restorative treatment, GIC, Heart rate, Modified Venham scale of anxiety

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/19194.9667

Date of Submission: Feb 01, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Apr 26, 2016
Date of Acceptance: May 19, 2016
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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