Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC78 - ZC81

Comparison of Serum Levels of Endothelin-1 in Chronic Periodontitis Patients Before and After Treatment

Waleed Khalid, Sheeja S Varghese, M. Sankari, ND. Jayakumar

1. Periodontist and Implantologist, The Dental Studio, Chennai, India. 2. Professor, Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, India. 3. Professor, Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, India. 4. Professor, Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Waleed Khalid,
Periodontist and Implantologist, The Dental Studio,
Chennai-600061, India.
E-mail: mlwaleed@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictive peptide with multi functional activity in various systemic diseases. Previous studies indicate the detection of ET-1 in gingival tissues and gingival crevicular fluid.

Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the serum ET-1 levels in clinically healthy subjects and subjects with chronic periodontitis, before and after treatment, and correlate it with the clinical parameters.

Materials and Methods: A total of 44 patients were included in the study. Group I comprised of 20 subjects with clinically healthy periodontium. Group II comprised of 24 subjects with chronic periodontitis. Group III comprised of same Group II subjects following periodontal management. Serum samples were collected from the subjects and an Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was done to estimate the ET-1 levels. The ET-1 levels were then correlated among the three groups with the clinical parameters namely, Plaque Index (PI), Sulcus Bleeding Index (SBI), probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss and Periodontally Inflamed Surface Area (PISA). The independent t-test and paired t-test were used for comparison of clinical parameters and Pearson’s correlation coefficient test was used for correlating the ET-1 levels.

Results: ET-1 levels in chronic periodontitis subjects were significantly higher compared to healthy subjects (p<0.001). However, the clinical parameters did not statistically correlate with the ET-1 levels. There was a significant decrease in ET-1 levels following treatment (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Serum ET-1 is increased in chronic periodontitis and reduces after periodontal therapy. Further studies are required to establish ET-1 as a biomarker for periodontal disease.

Keywords

Periodontally inflammed surface area, Periodontal therapy, Systemic diseases

How to cite this article :

Waleed Khalid, Sheeja S Varghese, M. Sankari, ND. Jayakumar. COMPARISON OF SERUM LEVELS OF ENDOTHELIN-1 IN CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS PATIENTS BEFORE AND AFTER TREATMENT. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 May 29 ]; 11:ZC78-ZC81. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=April&volume=11&issue=4&page=ZC78-ZC81&id=9698

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/24518.9698

Date of Submission: Sep 30, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Nov 23, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Jan 09, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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