Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : August | Volume : 11 | Issue : 8 | Page : BC04 - BC06

Prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Adolescent Girls in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Rekha Kumari, Raushan Kumar Bharti, Kalpana Singh, Archana Sinha, Sudhir Kumar, Anand Saran, Uday Kumar

1. Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India. 2. Student, Department of Biochemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India. 4. Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India. 5. Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India. 6. Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India 7. Professor and Head, Department Biochemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Rekha Kumari,
Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna – 800014, Bihar, India.
E-mail: rekhaigims@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) is a global health problem. It involves population of all age group and sex. But adolescent girls are more vulnerable to it. The reasons may be increased iron demand, menstrual blood loss, infection, worm infestation etc.

Aim: To find the prevalence of iron deficiency and IDA in adolescent girls in a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in the biochemistry clinical laboratory of Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India, for a period of six months (April 2015-October 2015). Haemoglobin estimation was done by Sahli’s method. Total iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) estimation was done by Ferrozine method on fully automated chemistry analyzer Olympus AU 400 with the reagent kit available in the market. Ferritin estimation was done by chemiluminesence immunoassay method, using Access 2 (Beckman Coulter).

Results: Out of 200 girls, 50% adolescent girls were found to be anaemic. Of the total, 43.3% were mildly, 3.3% were moderately and 3.3% were severely affected by anaemia.

Conclusion: As prevalence of anaemia is 50%, it needs intervention for its prevention and control. This study will help in planning and implementation of the policy for prevention of iron deficiency and IDA.

Keywords

Adolescence, Females, Haemoglobin

How to cite this article :

Rekha Kumari, Raushan Kumar Bharti, Kalpana Singh, Archana Sinha, Sudhir Kumar, Anand Saran, et al.. PREVALENCE OF IRON DEFICIENCY AND IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 August [cited: 2017 Aug 20 ]; 11:BC04-BC06. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=August&volume=11&issue=8&page=BC04-BC06&id=10325

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26163.10325



Date of Submission: Dec 16, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Feb 10, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Apr 22, 2017
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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