Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : August | Volume : 11 | Issue : 8 | Page : WC11 - WC14

Patch Test Results from an Occupational and Contact Dermatitis Clinic in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Southern India: A Retrospective Study

Kumaravel Sadagopan, Deepa Kalappan, Nirmala Sivaprakasam, Vinoth

1. Professor, Department of Dermatology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 3. Professor, Department of Dermatology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 4. Resident, Department of Dermatology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Kumaravel Sadagopan,
No 118, Ponnan Kinaru Street Vilivakkam, Chennai-600049, Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: kumaravel1959@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Occupational contact dermatitis, accounting for 95% of cases of occupational dermatoses, is the most common occupational skin disease.

Aim: To find out the various allergens in different occupational and environmental settings causing contact allergy, from our patients presented with contact dermatitis.

Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study from the data in hospital outpatient register over one year period, which includes patients with age ranging from 11 years to 73 years. Patch test was done with total of 24 allergens from Indian standard battery and Indian standard series and with materials suspected to cause contact allergy. Result was expressed in terms of percentage.

Results: Contact dermatitis constitutes about 0.75% of total dermatological cases in our Dermatology Outpatient Department. A total of 358 contact dermatitis were included in this study with M:F ratio 2.25:1 and majority of the cases in the age group of 26-55 years. Out of 358 cases, 157 cases were positive to at least one allergen. Building construction workers constitute about 35.75% (128 cases) of total contact dermatitis cases, among which potassium dichromate (39 out of 57) is the most common allergen, followed by nickel (31) and cobalt (28). In other occupations, contact allergy to parthenium, hair dye, foot wear, paint, kum-kum, turmeric, detergents and cosmetics were also present in significant number and none was positive for vegetables, dettol, kerosene and native medication.

Conclusion: This study gives an idea about the common occupation and population who are prone to develop contact dermatitis in our environmental setting and also about the most common sensitizers involved in various occupation and environment.

Keywords

Allergic contact dermatitis, Contact allergy, Patch test

How to cite this article :

Kumaravel Sadagopan, Deepa Kalappan, Nirmala Sivaprakasam, Vinoth. PATCH TEST RESULTS FROM AN OCCUPATIONAL AND CONTACT DERMATITIS CLINIC IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF SOUTHERN INDIA: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 August [cited: 2017 Oct 24 ]; 11:WC11-WC14. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=August&volume=11&issue=8&page=WC11-WC14&id=10349

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26391.10349

Date of Submission: Dec 29, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Feb 25, 2017
Date of Acceptance: May 13, 2017
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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