Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : December | Volume : 11 | Issue : 12 | Page : ED03 - ED05

Diffuse Nodular Lymphoid Hyperplasia of Colon in a Child- A Case Report with Review of Literature

Chikkanaganna Pillavenkataswamy Manjula, Belur Venugopal Suguna, SR Niveditha, Sreedhar Murthy

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 2. Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 3. Professor, Department of Pathology, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 4. Professor and Head, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Chikkanaganna Pillavenkataswamy Manjula,
No 106, 1st Cross, Jakkur, Jakkur Post Office, Bengaluru North-560064, Karnataka, India.
E-mail: manjula_cpswamy@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Diffuse Nodular Lymphoid Hyperplasia (DNLH) of the Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT) is an uncommon, benign reactive lesion occurring in all age groups. It is seen distributed throughout the GIT. DNLH is characterized by diffuse mucosal polypoid masses of 2-5 mm diameter. Commonly mistaken for various polyposis syndromes on endoscopy, It may present with abdominal pain, recurrent hematochezia, intussusception, intestinal obstruction and anaemia. Childhood DNLH is associated with various etiologies from food hypersensitivity to immunodeficiency syndromes. As DNLH is mostly a benign, reactive process, histopathology plays an important role in its recognition to prevent misdiagnosis and radical procedures. Here, we present a rare case of DNLH of colon in a two year old female child, presenting with abdominal distension. Colonoscopy revealed multiple colonic polyps. Total colectomy specimen revealed multiple, sessile polyps of 0.2 to 0.3cm carpeting the entire colonic mucosa. Microscopy revealed polyps comprised of lymphoid follicles with germinal centre in the mucosal and submucosal location.

Keywords

Anaemia, Food hypersensitivity, Rectal prolapse

How to cite this article :

Chikkanaganna Pillavenkataswamy Manjula, Belur Venugopal Suguna, SR Niveditha, Sreedhar Murthy. DIFFUSE NODULAR LYMPHOID HYPERPLASIA OF COLON IN A CHILD- A CASE REPORT WITH REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 December [cited: 2017 Dec 18 ]; 11:ED03-ED05. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=December&volume=11&issue=12&page=ED03-ED05&id=10939

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/32163.10939

Date of Submission: Sep 07, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Oct 09, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Nov 10, 2017
Date of Publishing: Dec 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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