Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : July | Volume : 11 | Issue : 7 | Page : BC06 - BC08

Evaluation of Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Autoantibodies and C-Reactive Protein in Common Autoimmune Skin Diseases with and without Arthritis

Bandana Kumari, Pawan Kumar, Radha Krishna Prasad Chaudhary

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences, Pawapuri, Nalanda, Bihar, India. 2. Ex-Resident , Department of Radiology, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India. 3. Professor and Hod, Department of Skin and VD, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Bandana Kumari,
Road No. 2, Brindavan Colony, Near Kidzee School, Phulwari sharif, Patna-801505, Bihar, India.
E-mail: drpawan.kumar@yahoo.com; drbandana.kumari@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptides (CCPs) are a well known diagnostic and prognostic noble marker for rheumatoid arthritis. C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein whose level rises in response to inflammation.

Aim: This study was undertaken to show the role of the two markers (anti-CCPs and CRP) in autoimmune skin disorder and their association with associated arthritis in these disorder.

Materials and Methods: Serum anti-CCP antibodies and CRP was measured in 50 patients of autoimmune skin disease of which 28 were of psoriasis, 12 of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and 10 of Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV). These patients were categorised in two groups, with associated arthritis and without arthritis. The serum level of anti-CCP and CRP was correlated with the presence or absence of arthritis in these patients. Control group consists of 20 healthy subjects in which these two parameters were measured.

Results: Out of total of 50 patients, anti-CCP was raised in 36.37% of patients with associated arthritis and 12.82% of patients without arthritis whereas CRP was raised in 63.63% of patients with arthritis and 35.89% of patients without arthritis. Mean serum anti-CCP in patient with arthritis was 15.78±13.94 U/ml and without arthritis was 7.56±7.68 U/ml with p=0.01 which was statistically significant. Mean serum CRP in arthritis was 21.11±15.51 mg/l and CRP without arthritis was 13.14±12.27 mg/l with p=0.07 which was statistically not significant.

Conclusion: Although both anti-CCP and CRP are valuable markers for autoimmune skin disorder, anti-CCP seems to show significant association with arthritis.

Keywords

Pemphigus Vulgaris, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

How to cite this article :

Bandana Kumari, Pawan Kumar, Radha Krishna Prasad Chaudhary. EVALUATION OF ANTI-CYCLIC CITRULLINATED PEPTIDE AUTOANTIBODIES AND C-REACTIVE PROTEIN IN COMMON AUTOIMMUNE SKIN DISEASES WITH AND WITHOUT ARTHRITIS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 July [cited: 2017 Sep 21 ]; 11:BC06-BC08. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=July&volume=11&issue=7&page=BC06-BC08&id=10176

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/27234.10176


Date of Submission: Feb 05, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Mar 18, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Apr 12, 2017
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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