Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : July | Volume : 11 | Issue : 7 | Page : DC05 - DC09

Role of Herbal Agents - Tea Tree Oil and Aloe vera as Cavity Disinfectant Adjuncts in Minimally Invasive Dentistry- An In vivo Comparative Study

Gaurav Patri, Aliva Sahu

1. Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences/Kiit University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. 2. Postgraduate Student, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences/Kiit University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Gaurav Patri,
1185, Tankapani Road, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
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Introduction: The prevention and control of caries necessitates the elimination of cariogenic bacteria and cavity disinfectants have proved to play a major role in achieving the goal. The use of phytotherapy is trending and many natural products have shown anti-microbial properties which can be used as cavity disinfectant in the field of dentistry.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of herbal antibacterial agents (Tea Tree Oil (TTO) and Aloe vera) with commercially available 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) as cavity disinfectant for use in minimally invasive dentistry.

Materials and Methods: The study included three test groups, Group I (2% chlorhexidine), Group II (tea tree oil), Group III (Aloe vera gel) with a control group (distilled water). Ten patients with atleast one tooth with an occlusal or occluso-proximal lesion suitable for Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) were selected for each group, dentinal samples were collected using sterile spoon excavators at three stages from each tooth viz., pre-excavation, post-excavation and post-disinfection of the cavities. These dentinal samples were subjected to microbiological analysis for Total Viable Count (TVC). The data collected were statistically analysed using ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc test.

Results: The results of present study showed that there was a statistically significant reduction in TVC when compared between pre and post excavation in all the groups (p<0.05) and post- excavation and post-disinfection in all the test groups (p<0.05) (except control group). Post-disinfection, 2% chlorhexidine showed highest reduction in TVC followed by 1% tea tree oil and aloe vera gel.

Conclusion: Natural antibacterial agents like tea tree oil and aloe vera could be effectively used as cavity disinfectants which will help in minimizing secondary caries and rendering a long term restorative success.


Atraumatic restorative treatment, Dental caries, Phytotherapy, Phytotherapeutics

How to cite this article :

Gaurav Patri, Aliva Sahu. ROLE OF HERBAL AGENTS - TEA TREE OIL AND ALOE VERA AS CAVITY DISINFECTANT ADJUNCTS IN MINIMALLY INVASIVE DENTISTRY- AN IN VIVO COMPARATIVE STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 July [cited: 2017 Sep 21 ]; 11:DC05-DC09. Available from

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Date of Submission: Feb 15, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Mar 14, 2017
Date of Acceptance: May 05, 2017
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2017

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