Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 13321

Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : July | Volume : 11 | Issue : 7 | Page : EC17 - EC21

Morphologic Spectrum of Duodenal Biopsies in Malabsorption: A Study from Southern India

Priyavadhana Balasubramanian, Bhawana Ashok Badhe, Rajesh Nachiappa Ganesh, Lakshmi C Panicker, Pazhanivel Mohan

1. Junior Resident, Department of Pathology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India. 2. Professor, Department of Pathology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India. 3. Additional Professor, Department of Pathology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Gastroenterology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India. 5. Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Gastroenterology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Rajesh Nachiappa Ganesh,
Additional Professor, Department of Pathology, JIPMER, Puducherry-605006, India.
E-mail: drngrajesh@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Duodenal endoscopic biopsy is a common investigation for various non-neoplastic conditions. Malabsorption is a common indication for duodenal biopsy in our setting.

Aim: Our study was undertaken to study the morphologic spectrum of non-neoplastic conditions of duodenum emphasizing on Intraepithelial Lymphocytes (IELs) and to have a clinico-pathologic correlation.

Materials and Methods: This was a prospective descriptive study. Duodenal biopsies from 101 patients with symptoms of malabsorption were studied according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Informed written consent was taken. Clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, and serological parameters were collected wherever available. Histomorphological parameters were studied on Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stained sections. Intraepithelial lymphocyte counts were done on CD3, CD4 and CD8 Immunohistochemical (IHC) stained sections and correlated.

Results: We studied 101 duodenal biopsies. Our spectrum included 16 patients of celiac disease (CD) (15.8%), 15 autoimmune duodenitis (14%), 13 nutritional deficiency associated duodenitis (12.8%), 5 infectious duodenitis (5%) and 41 patients of non-specific duodenitis (40.6%). Villous crypt architecture, IEL counts; villous tip IEL counts were statistically significant between CD and other disease groups.

Conclusion: A constellation of clinical, serological, endoscopic and histopathologic features is essential in diagnosing celiac disease and autoimmune duodenitis. Biopsy is also a useful tool in diagnosing infectious duodenitis that are missed in other investigations.

Keywords

Celiac disease, Duodenum, Intraepithelial lymphocyte

How to cite this article :

Priyavadhana Balasubramanian, Bhawana Ashok Badhe, Rajesh Nachiappa Ganesh, Lakshmi C Panicker, Pazhanivel Mohan. MORPHOLOGIC SPECTRUM OF DUODENAL BIOPSIES IN MALABSORPTION: A STUDY FROM SOUTHERN INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 July [cited: 2017 Sep 20 ]; 11:EC17-EC21. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=July&volume=11&issue=7&page=EC17-EC21&id=10231

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/23871.10231


Date of Submission: Sep 01, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Oct 24, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Apr 17, 2017
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • PubMed Central® (PMC)New
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Chemical Abstracts Service
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCOhostNew
  • Embase & EMbiology
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Open J-Gate
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)
  • SCOPUS
  • www.omnimedicalsearch.com