Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : July | Volume : 11 | Issue : 7 | Page : OC15 - OC20

Frequent Occurrence of Faulty Practices, Misconceptions and Lack of Knowledge among Hypothyroid Patients

A Goel, C Shivaprasad, A kolly, A.A Pulikkal, R Boppana, C.S Dwarakanath

1. Senior Resident, Department of Endocrinology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Endocrinology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 3. Senior Resident, Department of Endocrinology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Endocrinology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India. 5. Senior Resident, Department of Endocrinology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 6. Professor, Department of Endocrinology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. C Shivaprasad,
Associate Professor, Department of Endocrinology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre,
# 82 EPIP Area, Whitefield Bengaluru–560066, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
E-mail: shvprsd.c@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder with a reported prevalence of 4%-10%. Previous studies have reported significant gaps in the basic knowledge about the condition in hypothyroid patients. It has also been observed that faulty practices prevail among these patients. There is paucity of data on the assessment of knowledge and practices among treated hypothyroid patients.

Aim: The present study was aims to assess the knowledge, awareness and practices in treated hypothyroid patients.

Materials and Methods: The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 244 consecutive hypothyroid patients, attending the Endocrinology Outpatient Department (OPD). The patients were asked to fill a structured questionnaire pertaining to knowledge and practices about various aspects of hypothyroidism.

Results: Only two-thirds of the participants correctly identified thyroid as a gland and 41% were aware that hypothyroidism is caused due to decreased function of the thyroid gland. The most common symptom attributed to hypothyroidism was weight gain (139 responses). Nearly 45% of the patients believed alternative forms of medicine can be used for treatment of hypothyroidism. It was believed by 42% of the patients that hypothyroidism runs in the family and about 10% believed it could be transferred to their spouses. Only 33% of the patients gave one hour gap between levothyroxine and food intake.

Conclusion: The study demonstrates the lack of knowledge about basic aspects of hypothyroidism among the patients. In addition, there is a high prevalence of misconceptions and faulty practices. The study highlights the need for comprehensive patient education to improve therapeutic outcomes and compliance among hypothyroid patients.

Keywords

Drug compliance, Hypothyroidism, Patient education

How to cite this article :

A Goel, C Shivaprasad, A kolly, A.A Pulikkal, R Boppana, C.S Dwarakanath. FREQUENT OCCURRENCE OF FAULTY PRACTICES, MISCONCEPTIONS AND LACK OF KNOWLEDGE AMONG HYPOTHYROID PATIENTS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 July [cited: 2017 Sep 20 ]; 11:OC15-OC20. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=July&volume=11&issue=7&page=OC15-OC20&id=10196

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/29470.10196


Date of Submission: Apr 22, 2017
Date of Peer Review: May 09, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Jun 21, 2017
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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