Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : July | Volume : 11 | Issue : 7 | Page : SC01 - SC04

Blood Lead Levels in Children of Southwest Iran, Aged 2-6 Years and Associated Factors

Gholamreza Panahandeh, Abolfazl Khoshdel, Esfandiar Heidarian, Masoud Amiri, Hadis Rahiminam

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Iran. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Iran. 3. Professor, Clinical biochemistry Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Iran. 4. Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahrekord University of Medical, Shahrekord, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Iran. 5. General Practitioner, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Abolfazl Khoshdel,
Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences,
Shahrekord, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Iran.
E-mail: nikakhosh@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Lead is one of the toxic metals that can cause several complications in children.

Aim: This study was conducted to determine Blood Lead Levels (BLLs) in healthy children and its association with individual and environmental factors.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 262 healthy children aged 2-6 years in Shahrekord, Southwest Iran in 2013. After taking serum samples from the children, the checklists of effective environmental factors on lead toxicity were completed after interviewing the parents. BLLs were determined by ICP-MS. Data were analysed by descriptive and analytical statistics (chi-square and ANOVA) in SPSS 16.

Results: BLLs ranged 0.4-52.8 (mean: 6.9±7.9) ng/ml. BLL was significantly associated with father’s education level, house colour damage, canned food use and soil eating (p<0.05), but not with age, gender, economic status, proximity to factory and kohl use (p>0.05).

Conclusion: BLL can cause serious health risks for children in Shahrekord and is associated with certain risk factors. It is necessary to screen for these risk factors.

Keywords

Environment, Poisoning, Toxicity

How to cite this article :

Gholamreza Panahandeh, Abolfazl Khoshdel, Esfandiar Heidarian, Masoud Amiri, Hadis Rahiminam. BLOOD LEAD LEVELS IN CHILDREN OF SOUTHWEST IRAN, AGED 2-6 YEARS AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 July [cited: 2017 Sep 20 ]; 11:SC01-SC04. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=July&volume=11&issue=7&page=SC01-SC04&id=10198

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25370.10198



Date of Submission: Nov 13, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Jan 02, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Mar 30, 2017
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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