Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : July | Volume : 11 | Issue : 7 | Page : ZC63 - ZC66

The Association between Cariogenic Factors and the Occurrence of Early Childhood Caries in Children from Salem District of India

Arokiaraj Stephen, Ramesh Krishnan, Paul Chalakkal

1. Senior Lecturer, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariar Dental College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. 2. Professor, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariar Dental College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. 3. Assistant Professor, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim, Goa, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Paul Chalakkal,
Assistant Professor, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry,
Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim–403202, Goa, India.
E-mail: atomheartpaul@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Various aetiological factors for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) have been suggested in literature, but the role of each factor has been disputed in various studies.

Aim: To evaluate the association between ECC and its related factors in children between three to six years of age, from rural, semi-urban and urban schools in the district of Salem (India).

Materials and Methods: The study consisted of children between three to six years of age, selected randomly from schools in semi-urban, urban and rural schools at Salem. Questionnaire (comprising of the factors associated with ECC) and parental consent forms were sent to each of the parents of the school children. Filled questionnaires and parental consent forms were obtained from a total of 2771 children, out of which 1771 were boys and 1000 were girls. Clinical examination for ECC was carried out according to the WHO criteria, by a single examiner and an assistant to eliminate inter-examiner variability. Statistical analysis was carried out using the student’s independent t-test and ANOVA (one way analysis of variance).

Results: Out of a total of 2771 children examined, only 443 (315 boys and 128 girls) children were found to have ECC (16 %). Significant correlations were found between the occurrence of ECC and various factors like age of parents, number of siblings, on-demand breast feeding and bottle feeding habits and sweetened pacifier use. However, factors such as age and gender of the child, type of birth and duration of pregnancy, had no significant correlation with the occurrence of ECC.

Conclusion: The need for educating parents on the ill effects of improper breast feeding and bottle feeding habits is important.

Keywords

Bottle feeding, Breast feeding, Pacifier, Pregnancy

How to cite this article :

Arokiaraj Stephen, Ramesh Krishnan, Paul Chalakkal. THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CARIOGENIC FACTORS AND THE OCCURRENCE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES IN CHILDREN FROM SALEM DISTRICT OF INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 July [cited: 2017 Jul 20 ]; 11:ZC63-ZC66. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=July&volume=11&issue=7&page=ZC63-ZC66&id=10217

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25574.10217



Date of Submission: Nov 22, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Feb 10, 2017
Date of Acceptance: May 03, 2017
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2017



Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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