Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : LC11 - LC15

Impact of a Structured Tuberculosis Awareness Strategy on the Knowledge and Behaviour of the Families in a Slum Area in Chhattisgarh, India

Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury

1. Medical Consultant-Urban TB, Catholic Health Association of India, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India. 2. Faculty, Department of Healthcare Management, Goa Institute of Management, Panaji, Goa, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Janmejaya Samal,
MIG-1/509, HUDCO Sector, Bhilai-490009, Chhattisgarh, India.
E-mail: janmejaya_samal@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Of different methods of disease prevention, health education and awareness programmes can empower people regarding several aspects of disease management and thereby enabling them in accessing the right treatment, in right time, at right place.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a structured Tuberculosis (TB) awareness strategy on the knowledge and behaviour of slum dwellers of Durg, Chhattisgarh, India.

Materials and Methods: A TB awareness intervention was implemented in terms of informing the houses of marginalized and vulnerable communities about TB, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) services and the impact of the same was assessed through a survey questionnaire before and after the implementation of the intervention.

Results: Of the knowledge components the improvement was incurred above 90% among the study participants in all components except in two components such as; modes of TB transmission and availability of free treatment facilities. In the behavioural segment, after the implementation of the awareness strategy, 53% and 92% of the respondents reported to visit government health facility for seeking help for their general and TB related problems respectively. Similarly the responses regarding not approaching the government health facility for TB care were changed after the implementation of the awareness strategy and 36% of the respondents said they would prefer to visit government health facility for TB care.

Conclusion: Health education activities should be directed to improve the knowledge of slum dwellers regarding the modes of TB transmission and availability of free treatment at public health facilities.

Keywords

Health education, Health behaviour, Vulnerable and marginalized population

How to cite this article :

Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury. IMPACT OF A STRUCTURED TUBERCULOSIS AWARENESS STRATEGY ON THE KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOUR OF THE FAMILIES IN A SLUM AREA IN CHHATTISGARH, INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 Mar 24 ]; 11:LC11-LC15. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=LC11-LC15&id=9489

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/24107.9489

Date of Submission: Sep 10, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Nov 10, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Jan 09, 2017
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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