Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Case report
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : TD06 - TD08

Inferior Vena Cava Agenesis: A Rare Cause of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

Satyendra Narayan Singh, Trilok C Bhatt

1. Surg Cdr and Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt, New Delhi, India. 2. Surg Lt Cdr, Department of Radiology, INHS Kalyani, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Satyendra Narayan Singh,
Surg Cdr and Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt, New Delhi-110010, India.


Complete absence of Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) is a rare anomaly with a reported incidence of 0.0005% to 1%. This is often asymptomatic with incidental detection during cross-sectional imaging. It may also present with deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism or compressive symptoms in form of nerve root compression. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PCS) is an increasingly recognized entity with well laid out diagnostic criteria and evolving management protocols. Complete absence of IVC is a rare cause of pelvic congestion syndrome. We present a case of young female presenting with symptoms typical of pelvic venous congestion who was found to have complete absence of IVC as the underlying cause. She also had associated small left kidney with compensatory hypertrophy of the right kidney which is another rare association.


Atrophic left kidney, Subcardinal vein, Supracardinal vein

How to cite this article :

Satyendra Narayan Singh, Trilok C Bhatt. INFERIOR VENA CAVA AGENESIS: A RARE CAUSE OF PELVIC CONGESTION SYNDROME. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 May 25 ]; 11:TD06-TD08. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/24123.9554

Date of Submission: Sep 15, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Dec 07, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Dec 20, 2016
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017


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