Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : UC08 - UC10

A Study of Morbidity and Cost of Peripheral Venous Cannulation in Neonates Admitted to Paediatric Surgical Intensive Care Unit

Sushama Raghunath Tandale, Nandini Dave, Madhu Garasia, Shalil Patil, Sandesh Parelkar

1. Paediatric Anaesthesia Fellow, Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 2. Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 3. Professor and Head, Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 4. Resident, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 5. Professor and Head, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Sushama Raghunath Tandale,
Bldg No 7, Room No 133, M H B Colony, Meghawadi, Jogeshwari (East), Mumbai-400060, Maharashtra, India.
E-mail: docsushma.shitole@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Peripheral venous access in sick neonates is indicated for administration of fluids, drugs or nutrients.

Aim: We conducted an audit of peripheral venous access in neonates admitted to paediatric surgical intensive care unit to study the morbidity, time spent on cannulation and cost with its use.

Materials and Methods: One hundred consecutive neonates requiring hospital admission to paediatric surgical intensive care unit in a period of one year were included in the study. Peripheral venous access was secured in all patients. We conducted an audite for the number of venepuncture sites, wastage of cannulae, cost, time spent on cannulation and morbidity with its use. Neonates were divided into three groups depending on their surgical intervention. Namely, Group A (thoracic procedures), Group B (bowel surgery) and Group C (other surgery and non-operative cases).

Results: In Group A, mean venepuncture sites were 10.66, used cannulae were 5.6, wasted cannulae were 4.3, total cost of cannulation was 870 rupees and 93.78 minutes were spent in cannulation per neonate. In Group B, mean venepuncture sites were 7.58, used cannulae were 4.35, wasted cannulae were 2.59, total cost of cannulation was 603 rupees and 59.85 minutes were spent in cannulation per neonate. In Group C mean venepuncture sites were 2.78, used cannulae were 2.9, wasted cannulae were 0.57, total cost of cannulation was 232 rupees and 26.51 minutes were spent in cannulation per neonate. Thrombophlebitis severity was greater in neonates who had longer ICU stay and ventilator dependent days.

Conclusion: Peripheral venous cannulation of longer duration is costly, time consuming, and associated with significant neonatal morbidity. It may be worthwhile to consider alternative vascular devices such as peripherally inserted central catheters or central venous catheters in such situations.

Keywords

Neonatal cannulation, Paediatric intensive care unit, Thrombophlebitis, Venous access

How to cite this article :

Sushama Raghunath Tandale, Nandini Dave, Madhu Garasia, Shalil Patil, Sandesh Parelkar . A STUDY OF MORBIDITY AND COST OF PERIPHERAL VENOUS CANNULATION IN NEONATES ADMITTED TO PAEDIATRIC SURGICAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 Mar 27 ]; 11:UC08-UC10. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=UC08-UC10&id=9570

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/23600.9570


Date of Submission: Aug 17, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Oct 25, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Nov 19, 2016
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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