Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : VC01 - VC06

Efficacy of Structured Yoga Intervention for Sleep, Gastrointestinal and Behaviour Problems of ASD Children: An Exploratory Study

Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham

1. Research Scholar, Department of Yoga and Humanities, S-Vyasa University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 2. Assistant Registrar, Department of Academics, S-Vyasa University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Nimhans, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Kumar Narasingharao,
# 974, ITI Layout, 2nd Cross, Papareddypalya, Near Old Outer Ring Road, Nagarabhavi 2nd Stage, Bengaluru-560072,
Karnataka, India.
E-mail: nknrao2007@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder which appears at early childhood age between 18 and 36 months. Apart from behaviour problems ASD children also suffer from sleep and Gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Major behaviour problems of ASD children are lack of social communication and interaction, less attention span, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, lack of eye to eye contact, aggressive and self-injurious behaviours, sensory integration problems, motor problems, deficiency in academic activities, anxiety and depression etc. Our hypothesis is that structured yoga intervention will brings significant changes in the problems of ASD children.

Aim: The aim of this study was to find out efficacy of structured yoga intervention for sleep problems, gastrointestinal problems and behaviour problems of ASD children.

Materials and Methods: It was an exploratory study with pre-test and post-test control design. Three sets of questionnaires having 61 questions developed by researchers were used to collect data pre and post yoga intervention. Questionnaires were based on three problematic areas of ASD children as mentioned above and were administered to parents by teachers under the supervision of researcher and clinical psychologists. Experimental group was given yoga intervention for a period of 90 days and control group continued with school curriculum.

Results: Both children and parents participated in this intervention. Significant changes were seen post yoga intervention in three areas of problems as mentioned above. Statistical analysis also showed significance value of 0.001 in the result.

Conclusion: Structured yoga intervention can be conducted for a large group of ASD children with parent’s involvement. Yoga can be used as alternative therapy to reduce the severity of symptoms of ASD children.

Keywords

Anxiety, Attention, Depression, Physiological, Psychological, Sameness, Social communication

How to cite this article :

Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham. EFFICACY OF STRUCTURED YOGA INTERVENTION FOR SLEEP, GASTROINTESTINAL AND BEHAVIOUR PROBLEMS OF ASD CHILDREN: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 May 30 ]; 11:VC01-VC06. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=VC01-VC06&id=9502

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25894.9502

Date of Submission: Dec 09, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Dec 19, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Jan 24, 2017
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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