Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : VC07 - VC10

Spiritual Well-Being and Associated Factors with Relapse in Opioid Addicts

Mohammad-Reza Noormohammadi, Masoud Nikfarjam, Fatemeh Deris, Neda Parvin

1. Associate Professor, Religious Teachings, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 3. Lecturer, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 4. Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Mr. Neda Parvin,
Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences,
Rahmatiyeh, Shahrekord, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Iran.
E-mail: np285@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Opioid dependence relapse is a complex and multidimensional problem, and lack of spiritual well-being is a major concern in opioid addicts.

Aim: This study was conducted to determine spiritual well-being and factors associated with relapse among opioid addicts.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2015 to September 2015. According to purposive sampling, 312 eligible addicted patients were enrolled in the study. The patients had at least an attempt of detoxification in the past six months and referred to an outpatient detoxification clinic in Shahrekord (Southwest, Iran). They completed Paloutzian and Ellison's Spiritual Well-being Scale. A researcher-developed questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics and 20 questions about associated factors with relapse was administered. Data were analysed by version 16.0 (SPSS Inc.,Chicago, IL) using one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation test, chi-square, Friedman test, and student’s t-test.

Results: The most important factors associated with opioid dependence relapse consist of relation with an addict friend, unemployment, living expenses, family conflicts, and somatic pain. In the present study, 157 patients had never experienced relapse while the mean of relapse in the rest participants was (3.25±1.53) times. Furthermore, the addicted patients with relapse had significantly lower scores of spiritual well-being and its subscales compared with non-relapse patients (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicate the necessity of paying attention to spiritual well-being, family and economical, personal, and occupational factors as crucial factors in opiate addiction relapse.

Keywords

Dependence, Detoxification, Spirituality

How to cite this article :

Mohammad-Reza Noormohammadi, Masoud Nikfarjam, Fatemeh Deris, Neda Parvin. SPIRITUAL WELL-BEING AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS WITH RELAPSE IN OPIOID ADDICTS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 May 29 ]; 11:VC07-VC10. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=VC07-VC10&id=9587

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/22819.9587


Date of Submission: Jul 20, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Sep 19, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Nov 12, 2016
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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