Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : May | Volume : 11 | Issue : 5 | Page : OC01 - OC03

Scintigraphic Profile of Thyrotoxicosis Patients and Correlation with Biochemical and Sonological Findings

Anil Kumar AVS, Abhish Mohan, PG Kumar, Papankaj Puri

1. Professor, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Command Hospital C/O Afmc, Pune, Maharashtra, India. 2. Senior Resident, Department of Medicine, Afmc, Pune, Maharashtra, India. 3. Professor, Department of Medicine, Command Hospital C/O Afmc, Pune, Maharashtra, India. 4. Professor and Head, Department of Medicine, Afmc, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Anil Kumar Avs,
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Command Hospital Southern Command Wanowrie Post,
Pune-411040, Maharashtra, India.
E-mail: avsanil2002@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Thyrotoxicosis is a spectrum of disorder with a rather common clinical presentation with different aetiologies. The aetiological diagnosis is important as the management differs. It is essential to accurately diagnose the cause before starting treatment. Scintigraphy of thyroid helps in differentiating accurately the various causes. USG is routinely being advocated and T3/T4 ratio has also been used.

Aim: This study aims to evaluate the scintigraphic profile of thyrotoxicosis patients and to correlate biochemical and USG findings with scintigraphy.

Materials and Methods: A total of 60 newly diagnosed thyrotoxicosis patients based on biochemical reports were included in the study. They underwent further evaluation with ultrasonography and 99mTc scintigraphy.

Results: Of 60 patients of thyrotoxicosis, 45 cases were of Grave’s disease, 10 cases were of thyroiditis and five cases were of Toxic Multinodular Goiter (MNG). The clinical characteristics were helpful in establishing the diagnosis in only six (10%) patients who presented with classic features of Grave’s disease with ophthalmopathy. T3/T4 ratio greater than 20 was seen only in 29 (66%) patients of Grave’s disease and also in three (33.33%) of thyroiditis patients. USG had a sensitivity and specificity of 81.82% and 93.75% in diagnosing Graves’ disease and 100% and 82.4% in diagnosing thyroiditis respectively.

Conclusion: Clinical findings do not help in accurately delineating aetiological diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis. Serum T3/T4 ratio when used as a criterion has marked overlap between the various conditions causing thyrotoxicosis. USG has reasonable sensitivity however, misses many cases of early Grave’s disease. Follow up scintigraphy helps in a small population with resolving thyroiditis or early Grave’s disease where the initial scintiscan is normal or inconclusive.

Keywords

Grave's disease, Serum T3/T4 ratio, Thyroiditis

How to cite this article :

Anil Kumar AVS, Abhish Mohan, PG Kumar, Papankaj Puri. SCINTIGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THYROTOXICOSIS PATIENTS AND CORRELATION WITH BIOCHEMICAL AND SONOLOGICAL FINDINGS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 May [cited: 2017 Jun 28 ]; 11:OC01-OC03. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=May&volume=11&issue=5&page=OC01-OC03&id=9770

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26093.9770

Date of Submission: Dec 18, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Feb 07, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Mar 20, 2017
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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