Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : October | Volume : 11 | Issue : 10 | Page : AC01 - AC04

Estimation of Height from Arm Span in 6-11 Years Children in Odisha, India

Snigdha Prava Mishra, Himel Mondal, Shaikat Mondal

1. Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, MKCG Medical College, Ganjam, Odisha, India. 2. Junior Resident, Department of Physiology, MKCG Medical College, Ganjam, Odisha, India. 3. Junior Resident, Department of Physiology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Himel Mondal,
Junior Resident, Department of Physiology, MKCG Medical College, Ganjam-760004, Odisha, India.
E-mail: himelmkcg@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Standing height is an important anthropometric parameter to track longitudinal growth, to estimate body fatness and to calculate energy requirement. Measurement of height may be difficult in children who cannot stand.

Aim: To establish regression equation for estimation of height from arm span in children. To check comparative relevancy of this equation with fixed height-to-arm span ratio (HAR) for estimation of height.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 6-11 years school children (n=1465, Boys=774, Girls=691) in state of Odisha, India. Height was measured by portable stadiometer and arm span was measured by fiberglass measuring tape to nearest 0.1 cm. Pearson correlation and regression analysis was carried out between height and arm span data. p<0.05 (two tail) was considered statistically significant.

Results: Mean height and arm span in boys (124.16±8.74 cm and 125.57±10.43 cm respectively) was significantly more (p<0.001) than height and arm span in girls (121.18±10.37 cm and 121.50±11.68 cm respectively). Mean HAR was 0.9942±0.0279. Correlation between height and arm span in boys was r = 0.94 (p<0.001) and in girls was r = 0.96 (p<0.001). Overall correlation coefficient was r = 0.95 (p<0.001). Regression equation for estimation of height from arm span was established: Height (cm) = 0.8192 * arm span (cm) + 21.46.

Conclusion: Height in children of 6-11 years showed strong positive correlation with arm span. Regression equation established from this study can be used to estimate height from arm span. This estimation is more reliable than estimation of height from HAR.

Keywords

Anthropometry, Height estimation, Height-to-arm span ratio, Regression equation

How to cite this article :

Snigdha Prava Mishra, Himel Mondal, Shaikat Mondal. ESTIMATION OF HEIGHT FROM ARM SPAN IN 6-11 YEARS CHILDREN IN ODISHA, INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 October [cited: 2017 Oct 24 ]; 11:AC01-AC04. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=October&volume=11&issue=10&page=AC01-AC04&id=10687

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/29256.10687

Date of Submission: Apr 12, 2017
Date of Peer Review: May 16, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Jun 08, 2017
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2017


FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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