Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : October | Volume : 11 | Issue : 10 | Page : YC01 - YC06

Normative Values of Physical Fitness Test in the Elderly: A Community Based Study in an Urban Population in Northeast India

Prasanta Kumar Bhattacharya, Kuldeep Deka, Aakash Roy, Hiranya Saikia

1. Professor and Head, Department of General Medicine, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences Shillong, Meghalaya, India. 2. Senior Physiotherapist, Department of Physiotherapy, Down Town Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India. 3. Postgraduate Student, Department of General Medicine, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, Meghalaya, India. 4. Senior Lecturer in Biostatistics, Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Prasanta Kumar Bhattacharya,
Professor and Head, Department of General Medicine, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and
Medical Sciences, Mawdiangdiang, Shillong-793018, Meghalaya, India.
E-mail: pkbdr78@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Physical inactivity exposes elderly people to higher risk of diseases. Assessing their functional fitness using fitness assessment tools like Senior Fitness Test (SFT) is helpful in geriatric care. Determination of normative values of SFT increases its interpretability of interindividual and intergroup performances scores and usefulness.

Aim: To determine normative values of SFT in geriatric population in an urban community setting.

Materials and Methods: A communitybased prospective study in 400 elderly participants (284 men, 116 women), aged =65 years, selected by multistage random sampling from 60 municipal wards of Guwahati city in Northeast India. Descriptive statistics, percentiles, univariate Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Bonferroni correction methods were used. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Mean ages in males and females were 69.80±3.82 and 67.25±2.57 years. Mean height, weight and BMI in males and females respectively were 165.61±5.36 cm and 161.03±7.93 cm; 63.63±5.99 kg and 55.54±6.74 kg; 23.2±2.03 kg/m2 and 21.5±3.42 kg/m2. Males aged 65-69 years had highest BMI (23.4±2.11 kg/m2) while those =80 had lowest (21.8±1.30 kg/m2). Females aged 70-74 years had highest BMI (23.3±3.50 kg/m2) while 65-69 years (21.3±3.39 kg/m2) had lowest. ‘Arm-curl’ test showed maximum values in 70-79 year and 65-69 year age-groups in males and females respectively (11.4±3.89; 14.5±4.63). In ‘chair-stand’ test, maximum values were in 65-69 year for both sexes (males=15.2±4.64; females=13.6±4.26 respectively). In ‘back-scratch’ and ‘chair-sit and reach’ tests, maximum values were found in age-groups 70-74 and 65-69 in males and females respectively (10.5±9.11 and 13.4±8.91; 9.8±7.28 and -8.4±6.92). In ‘8-foot up-and-go’ test, maximum time to perform in males and females were in =80 and 75-79 year groups respectively (13.9±4.11; 20.3±0). In both sexes, maximum values of ‘2-minute step up’ test was found in 65-69 year age groups (male=67.4±21.9; female=62.7±16.9). In both sexes, changes of performance scores with age were observed in all tests, with maximum changes observed in ‘back-scratch’ test (male=131.4%, female= 157%).

Conclusion: The normative values obtained for SFT of each test score can be applied in aged population of similar settings to assess physical fitness.

Keywords

Functional fitness, Geriatric, Senior fitness test

How to cite this article :

Prasanta Kumar Bhattacharya, Kuldeep Deka, Aakash Roy, Hiranya Saikia. NORMATIVE VALUES OF PHYSICAL FITNESS TEST IN THE ELDERLY: A COMMUNITY BASED STUDY IN AN URBAN POPULATION IN NORTHEAST INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 October [cited: 2017 Oct 24 ]; 11:YC01-YC06. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=October&volume=11&issue=10&page=YC01-YC06&id=10709

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/28079.10709

Date of Submission: Mar 19, 2017
Date of Peer Review: May 09, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Jul 22, 2017
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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