Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 8120

Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : April | Volume : 12 | Issue : 4 | Page : QC01 - QC05

Factors Affecting Adequacy of Prenatal Care in Suburban Women of Southeast Iran: A Cross-sectional Study

Samira Khayat, Mahrokh Dolatian, Ali Navidian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Amir Kasaeian, Hamed Fanaei

1. PhD Student, Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Community Nursing Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. 4. Assistant Professor, Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. 5. Assistant Professor, Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 6. Assistant Professor, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Mahrokh Dolatian,
Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery,
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
E-mail: khayatmsc@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Prenatal and delivery care should be considered as a priority for women and societys health. Residents of the suburbs are among the groups who do not have enough access to such services.

Aim: The present study aimed to determine the pregnancy care as well as factors affecting adequacy of prenatal care for suburban women in Southeast Iran.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2016 to December 2016. A total of 384 women were evaluated by a single stage cluster random sampling. Inclusion criteria included women living in Zahedan suburbs areas and women in their reproductive ages who gave birth. Exclusion criteria was the history of diseases affecting pregnancy and multiple pregnancies. Safe motherhood questionnaire was completed by face to face interview in order to gather data. The questionnaire includes items for assessing prenatal and delivery care. Descriptive, chi-square and Spearmans correlation coefficient tests were used to analyse data. SPSS version 20.0 software was used for analyses. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: A total of 372 (96.9%) of subjects received prenatal care however 189 (50.8%) of them received inadequate care. There was a statistically significant relationship between adequate care and womenís education level (p-value=0.009), marriage age (p-value =0.001), husbands education (p-value=0.05), husbandís employment status (p=0.01), age in the first pregnancy (p-value=0.003), the time intervals among pregnancies (p-value=0.04), place of receiving care (p-value=0.004) and health care provider (p-value=0.006).

Conclusion: We found that most of suburban women did not receive adequate prenatal care, although, free health services were available for these mothers. Individual, familial features, care provider and place of receiving services were found effective for the quality and productivity of such services.

Keywords

Delivery, Obstetric, Prenatal care, Reproductive health, Suburban population

How to cite this article :

Samira Khayat, Mahrokh Dolatian, Ali Navidian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Amir Kasaeian, Hamed Fanaei. FACTORS AFFECTING ADEQUACY OF PRENATAL CARE IN SUBURBAN WOMEN OF SOUTHEAST IRAN: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 April [cited: 2018 Jul 20 ]; 12:QC01-QC05. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=April&volume=12&issue=4&page=QC01-QC05&id=11381

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/32795.11381

Date of Submission: Sep 21, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Oct 24, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Feb 06, 2018
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: As declared above.

JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
  • Index Copernicus ICV 2016: 132.37
  • SCOPUS
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCOhost
  • Embase & EMbiology
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Google
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)
  • www.omnimedicalsearch.com