Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Year : 2018 | Month : August | Volume : 12 | Issue : 8 | Page : SE01 - SE04

The Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infections in Iranian Children: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

Salehoddin Bouya, Maryam Koochakzai, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Abbas Balouchi, Mehran Hesaraki

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Nephrology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. 2. Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran. 3. Student Research Committee, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 4. PhD Student, Department of Nursing, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Iran. 5. Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Mehran Hesaraki,
Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Zabol University of Medical Science, Zabol, Iran.
E-mail: mehranhesaraki2@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are the most common infections in children worldwide, however, data from Iran is not very well studied.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of UTIs in Iranian children.

Materials and Methods: From the beginning of databases to November 2017, International {PubMed, Web of Science (WOS) and Google scholar} and National {Scientific Information Database (SID), Magiran} databases were searched for related observational studies that were conducted in Iran including only on Iranian children and published in English and Persian languages. The quality of the articles was evaluated using the Hoy D tool.

Results: Out of 515 initial studies, 14 and 6 studies were included in systematic review and meta-analysis, respectively. The overall prevalence of UTI in 3926 children was 4.92% (95% CI:2.32, 7.52; I2=93.58%). The prevalence of UTI in male and female children was 2.59% and 4.78%, and the difference was non-significant.

Conclusion: Considering the prevalence of UTIs in Iranian children, it is recommended that studies should be conducted in the field of research at the national level to determine the precise incidence and risk factors for UTIs in children.

Keywords

Asymptomatic bacteriuria, Infectious disease, Paediatrics

How to cite this article :

Salehoddin Bouya, Maryam Koochakzai, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Abbas Balouchi, Mehran Hesaraki. THE PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN IRANIAN CHILDREN: A META-ANALYSIS AND SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 August [cited: 2018 Jul 22 ]; 12:SE01-SE04. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=August&volume=12&issue=8&page=SE01-SE04&id=11864

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/36845.11864

Date of Submission: Apr 18, 2018
Date of Peer Review: May 11, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Jun 11, 2018
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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