Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : August | Volume : 12 | Issue : 8 | Page : VC01 - VC06

Screening for Postpartum Depression in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Postnatal Ward with Its Impact on Newborn Care Practices: A Hospital Based Survey

Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Jaishree Deepak Ganjiwale, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Nikhil M Kharod

1. Senior Resident Doctor, Department of Paediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Central Research Services, Pramukhswami Medical College Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India. 3. Professor, Department of Paediatrics, CRS Pramukhswami Medical College and Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India. 4. Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India.

Correspondence Address :
Ms. Jaishree Deepak Ganjiwale,
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Central Research Services, Pramukhswami Medical College,
Karamsad, Anand-388325, Gujarat, India.
E-mail: jaishreeganjiwale@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Depression is the fourth leading cause of disability and is estimated to rise to second place by the year 2020. Women of child bearing age are at an increased risk of depression, with an even higher risk seen in postpartum period. Maternal depression adversely effects child’s functioning in cognitive, social, and developmental areas including failure to thrive, and poor physical and emotional/behaviour development.

Aim: To find the prevalence and associated factors of Postpartum Depression (PPD) in mothers with hospital deliveries.

Materials and Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study of 14 months duration was conducted recruiting mothers admitted in the postnatal ward, or having their newborn admitted in neonatal intensive care unit or neonatal intermediate care unit. All these mothers were screened for PPD using Gujarati version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). A separate questionnaire was used for assessing newborn care practices and some more factors that might be associated with PPD. Logistic regression applied for finding contributors for PPD.

Results: Two hundred and five mothers with a mean age of 25.6 (SD 4.82, range 17-42 years) participated in the study. A total of 48 had abnormal depression scores (23.4%). Mothers not exclusively breast feeding the children were observed to have 12 times higher odds of getting depression. The odds of depression in mother of a child not covered properly are 24 times more than the mother whose child is well covered with clothes.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that depression in mothers is associated with poor maternal infant feeding outcomes and care practices including covering the baby. Screening of mothers in early postpartum period is necessary for betterment of mother-baby unit.

Keywords

Maternal depression, Newborn care, Postnatal depression scale

How to cite this article :

Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Jaishree Deepak Ganjiwale, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Nikhil M Kharod. SCREENING FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION IN A NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT AND POSTNATAL WARD WITH ITS IMPACT ON NEWBORN CARE PRACTICES: A HOSPITAL BASED SURVEY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 August [cited: 2018 Jul 22 ]; 12:VC01-VC06. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=August&volume=12&issue=8&page=VC01-VC06&id=11844

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/28153.11844

Date of Submission: Mar 07, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Apr 19, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Apr 28, 2018
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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