Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : July | Volume : 12 | Issue : 7 | Page : JC01 - JC03

Enhancement of Student Centered Learning using Video Based Practical Demonstration in First Year Medical Undergraduates

Santosh Laxman Wakode, Naina Santosh Wakode

1. Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Santosh Laxman Wakode,
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, AIIMS, Bhopal-462024, Madhya Pradesh, India.


Introduction: Recently, video demonstration or procedure video has been integrated into preclinical laboratory teaching and practical demonstrations. Although the computer assisted learning is introduced in to the medical institutions, there is no evidence that such move can improve student learning.

Aim: The present study was designed to compare the effectiveness of traditional physiology practical demonstration with computer assisted pre-recorded video demonstration of the same practical procedure.

Materials and Methods: Total 100 first year medical undergraduates participated in the study and was randomly assigned to two groups. The students in group 1 (n = 50) watched procedure video on the projector while students in group 2 (n = 50) attended a live demonstration of procedure performed by the same faculty for blood group determination. After completing the practical assignment, assessment was done for both groups according to pre-specified criteria. Subsequently studentís perception of their ability to perform practical activities was assessed on Likert scale with the help of questionnaire. Student's t-test was used for statistical analysis.

Results: Statistically significant difference was seen for two groups. On Likert type scale the procedure video learners (group 1) reported higher average score (3.34) than traditional live demonstration learners (group 2) (3.06), also the percentage of score achieved by video learners for assignment was higher. A 80% or above percentage score was achieved by 32 (64%) of group 1 learners where as only 21 (42%) of group 2 learners were able to achieve it.

Conclusion: Thus, a video based practical demonstration for laboratory teaching enables teachers to reflect on their teaching and promotes student-centered learning.


Computers, Procedure, Skill, Understanding, Video recording

How to cite this article :

Santosh Laxman Wakode, Naina Santosh Wakode. ENHANCEMENT OF STUDENT CENTERED LEARNING USING VIDEO BASED PRACTICAL DEMONSTRATION IN FIRST YEAR MEDICAL UNDERGRADUATES. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 July [cited: 2018 Aug 17 ]; 12:JC01-JC03. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/35181.11729

Date of Submission: Dec 16, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Feb 09, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Mar 28, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2018


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