Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Short Communication
Year : 2018 | Month : July | Volume : 12 | Issue : 7 | Page : LM01 - LM03

Pattern of Usage of TB Diagnostic Procedures in Private Sector across Three Cities of a Central Indian State

Subbanna Jonnalagada, Janmejaya Samal

1. Project Director, Department of Project Axshya, The Catholic Health Association of India, Secunderabad, Telengana, India . 2. Medical Consultant, Department of Project Axshya, The Catholic Health Association of India, Secunderabad, Telengana, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Janmejaya Samal,
At-Panasapalli, Po-Bangarada, Via-Gangapur, Aska, Odisha, India.
E-mail: jaytheworld@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Despite the preference of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) for sputum microscopy, a variety of Tuberclosis (TB) diagnostic procedures are being used in private sector for the diagnosis of TB.

Aim: To understand the pattern of usage of TB diagnostic procedures in private sector in one of the central Indian states.

Materials and Methods: Seven months (June 2016 to December 2016) data were collected from selected leading laboratories across three cities of Chhattisgarh that included 6, 6 and 3 labs in Bilaspur, Durg & Bhilai and Rajnandgoan respectively.

Results: Different diagnostic tests such as; Adenosine Deaminase (ADA), Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC), Abdominal Ultra Sonography (USG), Chest X-ray (CXR), Immunoglobulin M (IGM) and serological tests such as TB Gold were found to be practiced in these cities without a definite pattern. Similarly of all the tests 9.4%, 13.4%, 46.7% and 30.3% (n=3295) were serological tests, sputum microscopy, CXR and other tests respectively across all the cities.

Conclusion: Despite Government of India’s gazette to stop malpractice in TB diagnosis serological tests are rampantly happening across the three cities. Systematic reviews carried out on the commercial serological tests reveal that the results are inconsistent and of low quality. Furthermore, none of the international guidelines support the use of serological tests for the diagnosis of active TB. In addition, in one city over reliance on CXR was found which many a time is believed to be the major fuelling factor for irrational therapy and DR-TB. During the seven months period not even a single test of sputum microscopy has been carried out in the same city. Cooperation of private sector for TB care and control in needed in India and is also the vision of National Strategic Plan (NSP) however the same is only possible if the sector stops malpractice and adheres to standard guidelines.

Keywords

Chhattisgarh, Chest X-Ray, Diagnosis, Sero-Diagnosis, Tuberculosis

How to cite this article :

Subbanna Jonnalagada, Janmejaya Samal. PATTERN OF USAGE OF TB DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES IN PRIVATE SECTOR ACROSS THREE CITIES OF A CENTRAL INDIAN STATE. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 July [cited: 2018 Jul 21 ]; 12:LM01-LM03. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=July&volume=12&issue=7&page=LM01-LM03&id=11830

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/35553.11830

Date of Submission: Jan 12, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Mar 22, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Apr 10, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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