Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : July | Volume : 12 | Issue : 7 | Page : NC01 - NC03

Risk Factors for Descemetís Membrane Detachment Following Small Incision Cataract Surgery

Ajita Sasidharan, Poornima Kandasamy

1. Consultant, Department of Ophthalmology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India. 2. Fellow, Department of Ophthalmology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Ajita Sasidharan,
Consultant, Department of Ophthalmology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Coimbatore-641035, Tamilnadu, India.
E-mail: ajitasasidharan@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Separation of Descemet's membrane and the endothelium from the stroma is called Descemet's detachment. The most common cause of Descemetís Membrane Detachment (DMD) is mechanical separation near the incision site by an instrument, fluid or viscoelastic substance. DMD is an important vision threatening complication after cataract surgery.

Aim: To evaluate the risk factors for DMD following manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS).

Materials and Methods: A retrospective, non-comparative clinical analysis of the risk factors causing DMD was performed using computerised database. All cases operated for cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation by manual SICS, in which only blade was used for construction of the sclera-corneal tunnel (incision, tunnel and entry)-no crescent and no keratome technique, under community outreach department between January 1st, 2013 and December 31st, 2013, were analysed. We analysed the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative records of all the patients who suffered with a DMD. We compared the surgeonís experience, ocular risk factors and the DMD.

Results: The mean age of patients having DMD was 64.89 years. Male to female ratio was found to be 0.54:1. The incidence of DMD was found to be 0.15% (57 patients out of 36,898). Dense cataract, shallow anterior chamber, Pseudoexfoliation (PXF), corneal opacities, steep cornea were found associated with DMD. Incidence of DMD was higher among final year trainees than the first year trainees. All DMDs were re-attached on first postoperative day.

Conclusion: DMD is a surgeon induced preventable cause for postoperative corneal oedema and low vision. Gentle instrumentation, early detection, judicious management may reduce the incidence and outcome of DMD especially in dense cataract, PXF, steep cornea and corneal opacities.

Keywords

PXF/Post operative low vision/ corneal oedema/ scleral tunnel

How to cite this article :

Ajita Sasidharan, Poornima Kandasamy. RISK FACTORS FOR DESCEMETíS MEMBRANE DETACHMENT FOLLOWING SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 July [cited: 2018 Jul 18 ]; 12:NC01-NC03. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=July&volume=12&issue=7&page=NC01-NC03&id=11813

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/34057.11813

Date of Submission: Oct 05, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Dec 13, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Apr 21, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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