Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Case report
Year : 2018 | Month : July | Volume : 12 | Issue : 7 | Page : TD01 - TD02

Cryptococcal Meningitis: Imaging Findings in an Immunocompetent Patient

Ishak Syazana, Erica Yee Hing

1. Medical Officer, Department of Radiology, UKM Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2. Radiologist and Lecturer, Department of Radiology, UKM Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Erica Yee Hing,
Radiologist and Lecturer, Department of Radiology, UKM Medical Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Jln Yaacob Latif, Bdr Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
E-mail: ericayeehing@ppukm.ukm.edu.my

Abstract

Cryptococcal meningitis is a fatal central nervous system disease commonly affecting immunocompromised patients, and rarely affects immunocompetent patients. We report a 51-year-old previously well male who presented with giddiness, altered sensorium and intermittent fever. India Ink stain and cryptococcal antigen test of cerebral spinal fluid were both positive. Immunodeficiency screening was negative. Although MRI brain demonstrated several features that are characteristic, they are unfortunately non-specific. It is important to realise immunocompetence does not exclude one from contracting cryptococcal meningitis, and a high index of suspicion with consideration of various imaging differentials and biochemical markers is helpful in narrowing down the diagnosis.

Keywords

Basal leptomeningeal enhancement, Choroid plexus enlargement, Hydrocephalus, Periventricular cysts

How to cite this article :

Ishak Syazana, Erica Yee Hing. CRYPTOCOCCAL MENINGITIS: IMAGING FINDINGS IN AN IMMUNOCOMPETENT PATIENT. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 July [cited: 2018 Jul 18 ]; 12:TD01-TD02. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=July&volume=12&issue=7&page=TD01-TD02&id=11812

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/36215.11812

Date of Submission: Mar 05, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Apr 30, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Jun 06, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: NONE.

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