Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : May | Volume : 12 | Issue : 5 | Page : DC01 - DC05

Assessment of Microbial Contamination in Indoor Air of Private Maternity Homes in Moga, Punjab

Harsh Kumar, Amandeep Kaur, Bhavneet Kaur, Ramesh Kumar Gupta, Daljeet Singh Dhanjal, Amandeep Kaur, Uzain Zahoor, Rajdeep Palaha

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, BIS College of Science and Technology, Moga, Punjab, India. 2. Graduate Student, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, BIS College of Science and Technology, Moga, Punjab, India. 3. Graduate Student, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, BIS College of Science and Technology, Moga, Punjab, India. 4. Postgraduate Student, Department of Microbiology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. 5. Postgraduate Student, Department of Biotechnology, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India. 6. Postgraduate Student, Department of Biotechnology, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India. 7. Postgraduate Student, Department of Food Technology, IKG Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, Punjab, India. 8. Food Safety Officer, Department of Health, Civil Hospital, Bathinda, Punjab, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Harsh Kumar,
Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, BIS College of Science and Technology,
Moga-142043, Punjab, India.
E-mail: harsh36yac@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Assessment of indoor air quality has become important as the bacteria and fungi are omnipresent. Human diseases caused by microorganisms can be classified as bacterial, fungal and viral infection and infection type is determined by the source of infection which can be air, food, water and soil via which the infection transmits in immune-suppressed patient leading to the pathogenic diseases in the hospital wards.

Aim: To assess the microbial contamination in the air of general and private ward of the private maternity homes in the province of Moga region, Punjab, India.

Materials and Methods: The microbial contamination of indoor air of five different maternity homes in Moga district of Punjab, India was studied. The sampling of air (duplicates) was done by employing the passive air sampling procedure (exposed-plate technique) for a one-month period. Different culture media was used for the analysis. Spearmans rank correlation was used to find the regression coefficient among bacteria and fungi load in wards.

Results: The number of viable bacteria and fungi were ranging between 259-2665 CFU/m3 for bacteria and 79-826 CFU/m3 for fungi. A total of eight bacterial and six fungi were identified up to genus level. The correlation between bacteria vs. fungi was plotted using Spearmans correlation which shows the positive linear association (p<0.001) with regression coefficient.

Conclusion: The current study enlightens us about the presence of the microbes in air in the maternity homes that can be potent to induce nosocomial infection. The high concentration of bacteria and fungi indicates that there is a need for the intrusion to regulate the growth and development of microbes in the hospitals and maternity homes.

Keywords

Bacteria, Fungi, Maternity wards, Microbiological quality, Passive air-sampling

How to cite this article :

Harsh Kumar, Amandeep Kaur, Bhavneet Kaur, Ramesh Kumar Gupta, Daljeet Singh Dhanjal, Amandeep Kaur, et al.. ASSESSMENT OF MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION IN INDOOR AIR OF PRIVATE MATERNITY HOMES IN MOGA, PUNJAB. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 May [cited: 2018 Aug 15 ]; 12:DC01-DC05. Available from
http://jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=May&volume=12&issue=5&page=DC01-DC05&id=11480

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/34209.11480

Date of Submission: Oct 09, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Nov 11, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Feb 17, 2018
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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