Predictive Performance of Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Scoring in an Argentinian Hospital OC22-OC26
Javier Eugenio Roberti,
Austria 2381, 5D, Buenos Aires, Capital Federal, Argentina.
Introduction: The early identification and treatment of sepsis in emergency setting could improve patients’ survival. The Quick-SOFA score is a simple tool that could contribute to this identification.
Aim:To evaluate mortality rate in Emergency Department along with predicting sepsis by Quick-SOFA.
Materials and Methods: This was an observational, prospective study performed in an emergency department of an Argentine Hospital. The studied patients were =18 years of age, with infection or suspicion of infection. For qSOFA, 1 point was assigned for each of following: respiratory rate >21 breaths/min, systolic arterial blood pressure =100 mm Hg, and altered mental status. A qSOFA score of =2 was considered positive. To assess the performances of the qSOFA and SIRS, sensitivity and specificity was calculated.
Results: A total of 157 patients were included with mean age corresponding to 62.9±19.2 years out of which 76 (48.4%) patients were women. Upon admission, 58/157 (36.9%) patients showed a positive-qSOFA, and 120/157 (76.4%) patients were SIRS positive (=2 signs). 69/157 (46%) cases developed sepsis; 22/157(14%) patients died during their stay. The discrimination of sepsis using qSOFA was comparable with the SIRS criteria (p=0.399) and the discrimination of in-hospital mortality using qSOFA was better than SIRS criteria (p=0.0488). A qSOFA Area Under the Curve (AUC) for predicting sepsis was 0.765 (95% CI 0.69-0.84) while qSOFA AUC for predicting in-hospital mortality was 0.71, (95% CI 0.59-0.83).
Conclusion: The newly introduced qSOFA provided better discrimination than SIRS for predicting in-hospital mortality whereas both scores showed comparable discrimination for predicting sepsis in Emergency Department.