Effectiveness of Prenatal Education Regarding Practice on Antenatal Exercises and Minor Ailments among Pregnant Mothers QC01-QC04
Mrs. Anju T Philip,
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing,
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Health Sciences Campus, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre,
Kochi-682041, Kerala, India.
Introduction: Antenatal excersises are essential aspect of antenatal care in most settings and these have a powerful and positive contribution to pregnancy when applied correctly.
Aim: To find out the effectiveness of prenatal education regarding practice of antenatal exercises and prelevance of minor ailments during the third trimester among pregnant mothers.
Materials and Methods: A Quasi experimental pre-test–post-test control group study was conducted among 60 antenatal women (30 in control and 30 in experimental) between 28-30 weeks of gestation attending obstetrics and gynaecology OPD, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and research centre, Kochi, Kerela, India. The antenatal women were selected by using non-probability convenience sampling technique and the data was collected using a self reported checklist to assess the practice of exercise and a self administered rating scale to assess the level of minor ailments experienced by antenatal mothers. On day-1, pre-test measure of minor ailments were done. Then prenatal education regarding antenatal exercises was given to the mothers in experimental group. During follow up visit, on day-14, re-teaching was given. The practice of antenatal exercise was assessed using a self reported check list and the minor ailments of antenatal mothers was assessed using rating scale on day-28. Statistical Analysis was done by using mean, frequency, percentage and paired t-test.
Results: Out of 60 antenatal mothers, majority of the mothers were within the age group of 18-25 years. The mean post-test score of practice in control group was (24.63+4.5) and the mean post-test score in experimental group was (66.3+8.4) and it is significant at the level of p-value <0.001. The mean post-test score of minor ailments in control group was (33.1±1.47) and in experimental group (25.27±2.12). Noticeably the comparison between mean post-test score of minor ailments shows statistically significant difference at the level of p< 0.001 .
Conclusion: Performing exercise during pregnancy helps the mother to be healthy and free from minor ailments.