Validity and Reliability of Physiotherapy Student Clinical Assessment Tool to Analyse Students’ Clinical Performance JC01-JC06
Dr. Manisha P Shenoy,
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, Centre of Basic Sciences, KMC Mangalore, Bejai, Mangalore-575004, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Clinical assessment tool provides feedback on the student’s clinical performance by the Clinical Instructors (CIs) and the student themselves. There are few clinical assessment tools that had been used across different countries. However, each different assessment tool has its different strengths and weaknesses. There is no “gold standard” for physiotherapy student when it comes to clinical assessment tool available to assess them.
Aim: To determine the validity and reliability of Physiotherapy Student Clinical Assessment Tool (PSCAT) for assessing student’s overall clinical performance during their clinical placement.
Materials and Methods: It included development of a questionnaire which was revised and redesigned from various available similar questionnaires. It was distributed to 11 CIs from different universities to validate it. The inter-rater reliability of the tool involved 11 CIs and 40 students. Each student was assessed by two different CIs at the end of clinical posting. The validation was analysed by validity index and the inter-rater reliability was analysed by interpreting the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC).
Results: The results revealed that the PSCAT achieved sufficient construct (0.97), face (0.96), criterion-related (0.99) validity but had weak content validity (0.89). Reliability showed ICC as 0.64-0.33 denoting moderate reliability. There were two components that had weak reliability.
Conclusion: Physiotherapy Student Clinical Assessment Tool (PSCAT) is a valid and user-friendly tool where reliability requires further study.