Rosuvastatin is Superior Compared to Simvastatin and Atorvastatin to Induce Endothelial Progenitor Cells Migration OC05-OC08
Yudi Her Oktaviono,
Jl. Mayjend. Prof. Dr. Moestopo No.6-8, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.
Introduction: Statins have shown to improve Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs) function, however no comparison has been done between various statins effectivity to induce EPCs migration.
Aim: This study compared simvastatin, atorvastatin and rosuvastatin treatment on impaired EPCs from Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) patients.
Materials and Methods: EPCs were isolated, cultivated and divided into untreated group (control), simvastatin (dose 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 mM), atorvastatin (0.1, 0.25, 0.5 mM), rosuvastatin (0.1, 0.25, 0.5 mM). EPCs migration was evaluated with boyden chamber assay. ANOVA, pearson correlation and linear regression test were done using SPSS 25.0.
Results: This research showed that simvastatin, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin increased EPCs migration in dose dependent manner (p<0.05). Regression test showed that simvastatin treatment was responsible for 92.9% of EPCs migration, while atorvastatin was 75.5% and rosuvastatin was 65.6%. Rosuvastatin treatment dose 0.5 mM have the highest EPCs migration effect (195,750.00±5,809.48) compared to simvastatin (123,750.00±9,367.50, p=0.001) and atorvastatin (156,375.00±12,392.03, p=0.001) at the same dose.
Conclusion: Rosuvastatin treatment has higher EPCs migration effect compared to simvastatin and atorvastatin. This suggests that rosuvastatin might be preferable to improve EPCs migration in CAD patients.