Protective Impact of Fruits and Vegetable Intake on Cardiovascular Risk Factors-A Review OE06-OE09
Dr. Bani Tamber Aeri,
Institute of Home Economics, Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Delhi, F4, Hauz Khas Enclave, New Delhi-110016, India.
Consumption of fruits and vegetables is essential for maintaining good health and the longevity, as they are rich in vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, and phytochemicals. High consumption of fruit and vegetable prevents several non-communicable and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes, gastrointestinal diseases, and obesity. Despite these positive benefits associated with high intake of fruits and vegetables, the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates 6.7 million deaths worldwide attributable to inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption in 2010. An inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables is considered to be a cause for around 11% of Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD) deaths, 9% of stroke deaths and about 14% of gastrointestinal cancer deaths. Further it is stated to be among the top ten risk factors for mortality globally. The present review paper is an attempt to highlight the protective impact of fruit and vegetable intake on cardiovascular risk factors.