Transitional Cell Carcinoma in Pelvis of a Double Moiety Kidney- A Rare Presentation PD06-PD07
Dr. Dilip Kumar Pal,
244, AJC Bose Road, Kolkata-700020, West Bengal, India.
Neoplasia of the renal pelvis in duplex kidneys is extremely rare, especially in complete renal ureteral duplex cases. A 46-year-old aged male patient had presented with intermittent haematuria for the last seven months. A mildly enhancing well-defined, lobulated mass arising from the pelvis of lower moiety of right kidney was found on evaluation. Confirmatory findings of a renal pelvic malignancy couldnâ€™t be obtained. Infective condition like pyelonephritis couldnâ€™t be excluded. To clear the diagnostic dilemma, flexible ureteroscopy was done which revealed the renal pelvic malignancy. Right lap assisted radical nephroureterectomy was done. Histopathology was suggestive of transitional cell carcinoma. The increased incidence of chronic infection, obstruction and stone formation may be instrumental in producing a higher incidence of renal pelvic tumours in patients with anomalous kidney. Diagnosing a neoplasia originating from a duplex kidney is difficult and often a multiple battery of investigations like intravenous pyelogram, ultrasonography and rigid ureteroscopy may not be useful. Considering the fact that tumour recurrence is high in the ureteric stump after local resection, a total nephroureterectomy seems to be a better treatment choice. Flexible ureteroscope might be the saviour in such doubtful clinical situations to confirm our diagnosis beyond doubt. Partial nephrectomy cannot be recommended unless long-term follow-up reports of such cases are available.