Utility of Abraham Lens in YAG Laser Capsulotomy: A Prospective Study
Dr. Saswati Sen,
B3-105,Shreekhetra Residency, Patrapada, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Introduction: Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd: YAG) laser capsulotomy remains the safest treatment for Posterior Capsular Opacification (PCO). The use of capsulotomy lens has some benefits to offer especially when learning the procedure and in uncooperative patients. With changing curriculum in medical teaching which focusses more on practical aspects it will serve as an asset for the trainees. Even if not used routinely its importance cannot be altogether undermined.
Aim: To assess the utility of Abraham capsulotomy lens in YAG laser capsulotomy procedure and compare it with capsulotomy performed without lens.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, longitudinal study conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, from June 2020 to February 2021. A total of 79 patients who developed PCO after more than six months of cataract surgery and had decrease in visual acuity on Snellen’s chart by two or more lines from baseline were included. Visual acuity, Intraocular Pressure (IOP) measurement, fundoscopy, Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) was done for Central Macular Thickness (CMT) in all patients at presentation, one and three months following YAG capsulotomy. Nd-YAG laser capsulotomy was then done with and without the use of Abraham’s capsulotomy lens in two groups. Parameters such as visual acuity change, IOP, CMT, energy used in capsulotomy, type of PCO were then compared between the two groups. Independent t-test, repeated Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Spearman’s correlation tests were used to analyse the data.
Results: Of the 79 patients, 40 underwent capsulotomy without the Abraham lens (Group 1) and 39 with Abraham lens (Group 2). Females were more than males in both the groups. The improvement in visual acuity was statistically significant in both groups. There was statistically significant difference in CMT in both groups at each visit. The average energy used for dealing with fibrous type of calcification was significantly more than that used in elsching pearls (13.96 mj). Complications like Intraocular Lens (IOL) pitting, raised IOP, cystoid macular oedema, uveitis and retinal detachment were encountered which were managed by appropriate medical and surgical therapy.
Conclusion: Use of capsulotomy lens decreases the amount of energy needed for capsulotomy and helps to stabilise the eye and to focus better especially for ophthalmologists in their initial training days.