A Review on Association of Air Pollution and Biomass Fumes on Respiratory SystemCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Pravallika Pagadala,
PhD Scholar, Department of Physiology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar-563101, Karnataka, India.
World Health Organization (WHO) reported that indoor air pollution is one of the ten avoidable risk factors. People believe that air pollution is an outside urban phenomenon, but some of the uppermost concentration occurs in the opposite situation i.e., countryside and in the house. Such levels are due to the high proportion of countryside/less developed countries population relies on unprocessed biomass fuels (like wood, crop residues, dung) which have high pollutant emission factors, in simple small scale burning devices such as household cooking. Domestic cooking is one among the major activities of the rural Indian house wives. Cooking is carried out in an enclosed space with poor ventilation and inefficient stoves. Long duration of exposure to biomass fuel mostly affects women, young girls and children. In most of the developing countries biomass fuel is used for cooking. Girls start cooking at very early age and spend minimum 4-6 hours daily in kitchen for almost 30-40 years which is equivalent to 60,000 hours of exposure. Indoor air pollution occurs primarily by usage of biomass fuels which attributes 1.5-2 million deaths/year.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Liquefied petroleum gas, Lungs, Particulate matter
Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Nandini Chandrashekhar, Murikipudi Ramesh Babu. A REVIEW ON ASSOCIATION OF AIR POLLUTION AND BIOMASS FUMES ON RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 October [cited: 2019 Jan 23 ]; 12:CE01-CE04. Available from
Date of Submission: May 22, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Jul 04, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Jul 20, 2018
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2018
Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.
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