Clinical Profile of Congenital and Developmental Cataract in a Tertiary Care Centre of Southern IndiaCorrespondence Address :
Ms. Tina Anne John,
Department of Ophthalmology, Kasturba Medical College, Attavar, Mangalore-575001, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Cataract is an important cause of preventable blindness in children. Early detection and management of congenital cataracts is of extreme importance due to the risk of amblyopia and visual morbidity. Cataracts of certain morphology are associated with better prognosis.
Aim: To study the profile of congenital and developmental cataracts in our tertiary care centre and to evaluate the visual outcomes and complications following cataract surgery.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was done in a tertiary care centre of Mangalore, Karnataka, of all cases of congenital and developmental cataract, operated by a single surgeon, from February 2012 to September 2017.
Results: Bilateral cataracts were seen in 70.5% of patients. Lamellar cataract was seen in 44% of eyes. Phaco aspiration with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation was done in 61.3% of eyes. Postoperatively, 44.4% of eyes achieved best corrected visual acuity of 6/6 to 6/12. There is a significant association between the age of the patient, the presence of nystagmus and the type of cataract with the postoperative best corrected visual acuity.
Conclusion: The age of the patient, the presence of nystagmus and the type of cataract are significantly associated with the postoperative best corrected visual acuity in patients with congenital and developmental cataract.
Nystagmus, Phaco aspiration, Visual acuity
Sumana J Kamath, Tina Anne John, Kalary Jayanthi. CLINICAL PROFILE OF CONGENITAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL CATARACT IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE OF SOUTHERN INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 September [cited: 2018 Sep 18 ]; 12:NC01-NC04. Available from
Date of Submission: Feb 20, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Apr 25, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Jun 01, 2018
Date of Publishing: Sep 01, 2018
FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.
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