Prevalence of Functional Disability Due to Neck Pain and Back Pain among Microscope Users of Punjabi University Patiala, Punjab, IndiaCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Shveta Sharma,
Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India.
Introduction: Prolonged use of microscope can result in discomfort and injuries which may lead to functional disability.
Aim: To determine the prevalence of functional disability due to neck pain and back pain among microscope users.
Materials and Methods: This study was survey; conducted at Punjabi university, Patiala, Punjab, India. Total 100 microscope users of both genders, age; 19 to 40 years from different departments were included in the study. The prevalence of neck pain and back pain was evaluated with the use of an interview questionnaire. Furthermore, the functional disability related to neck pain and back pain was assessed by the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Oswestry low back pain and Disability Index (ODI).
Results: The prevalence of neck pain and back pain was 46% and 24% respectively. The subjects who were at the age of 21-30 years were highly affected with neck and back pain. Around 50.0% subjects of back pain and 50% of neck pain had mild disability, 18.2% of back pain and 81.8% of neck pain had moderate disability, 36.4% subjects of back pain and 63.6% of neck pain had indicates severe disability and 13 subjects of back pain and 25 of neck pain indicates complete disability on NDI and ODI.
Conclusion: A higher risk of neck pain and low back pain among microscope users predisposes this occupation at high risk of developing spine injuries which needs further consideration like knowledge of ergonomics, appropriate body position while working, selection of good chair and break time, etc.
Ergonomics, Neck disability index, Oswestry low back pain and disability index
Shveta Sharma, G Jayraman, Saurabh Kumar. PREVALENCE OF FUNCTIONAL DISABILITY DUE TO NECK PAIN AND BACK PAIN AMONG MICROSCOPE USERS OF PUNJABI UNIVERSITY PATIALA, PUNJAB, INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2019 October [cited: 2019 Oct 14 ]; 13:YC01-YC04. Available from
Date of Submission: May 17, 2019
Date of Peer Review: Jun 06, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Aug 16, 2019
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2019
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: No
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? No
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS: [Jain H et al.]
• Plagiarism X-checker: May 18, 2019
• Manual Googling: Aug 06, 2019
• iThenticate Software: Sep 09, 2019 (12%)
Etymology: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)