Haemorrhagic Pleural Effusion in an HIV infected patient with Salmonella typhimurium 299-302
Dr. Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay. Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal â€“ 576104, Karnataka, India. Tel.: 91-820-2571201, extn. 22322; fax: 91-08252-571927; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Non-typhoidal salmonellosis is rarely encountered in immunodeficient individuals, including HIV/AIDS, where pleural effusion is an unlikely manifestation as well. Tuberculosis and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia are the two leading causes of pleural effusion, which are mainly non-haemorrhagic. We report a rare case of haemorrhagic pleural effusion in an HIV-positive patient with Salmonella typhimurium as the only opportunistic infection. It was diagnosed timely and treated successfully with institution of appropriate antibiotics. S. typhimurium is a rare opportunistic infection to cause haemorrhagic pleural effusion in HIV positive patients with decreased CD4+ count.