Evaluation of the Relationship between Systemic Osteoporosis, Dietary Ca Intake and the Reduction Of Residual Ridges In An Edentulous Patient: An In Vivo Pilot Study
Dr. Saee Deshpande,I-7 Sagar Palace,
Laxminagar,Nagpur â€“ 22,(India).
Ph- +91 9225213204,+91 712 2221830.
In recent years, there has been an obvious increase in the elderly population. Osteoporosis, a systemic disease in the elderly, shows a decrease in the skeletal mass without alteration in the chemical composition of bone.
In edentulous patients, reduction of the residual ridge (RRR) is one of the most important factors affecting denture support, retention, stability and masticatory function. The aetiology can be multifactorial, eg: dietary Ca intake, hormonal, etc.
This study investigated the relationship between systemic osteoporosis,dietary Ca intake and RRR in elderly edentulous patients. Systemic osteoporosis was evaluated by measuring BMD by ultrasound. Residual Ridge Resorption was evaluated by OPG (Wical and Swoop Analysis) and Dietary case history was taken to evaluate Ca intake. Residual ridge resorption was found to be directly proportional to the age of the patient and to the degree of osteoporosis, inversely proportional to dietary Ca intake and was found to be more common in females.