Screening For Asymptomatic Bacteriuria In Pregnancy: An Evaluation Of Various Screening Tests In Hassan District Hospital, India 2702-2706
Objective: To study the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnant women who attended the Hassan District hospital, Hassan.
Method/Design: The group A- study group subjects were 900 pregnant women of any gestational age who attended the Obstetrics Department for antenatal care. The Group B (control group) consisted of 50 non pregnant women of the fertile age group. Midstream clean catch urine was used to screen for asymptomatic bacteriuria.
Results: Asymptomatic bacteriuria was prevalent in 6.2% of the 900 women who were evaluated in our study. Urine culture was the gold standard for the detection of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Gram’s stain of uncentrifuged urine was found to be the best among the screening tests which were evaluated. There was a higher prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in the IIIrd trimester (61.77%) than in the IInd trimester (32.35%) and the Ist trimester (5.88%).
Conclusions: Screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria in all the three trimesters is necessary to prevent the dangerous complications which are associated with asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy.