Screening For Asymptomatic Bacteriuria In Pregnancy: An Evaluation Of Various Screening Tests In Hassan District Hospital, India 2702-2706
Objective: To study the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnant women who attended the Hassan District hospital, Hassan.
Method/Design: The group A- study group subjects were 900 pregnant women of any gestational age who attended the Obstetrics Department for antenatal care. The Group B (control group) consisted of 50 non pregnant women of the fertile age group. Midstream clean catch urine was used to screen for asymptomatic bacteriuria.
Results: Asymptomatic bacteriuria was prevalent in 6.2% of the 900 women who were evaluated in our study. Urine culture was the gold standard for the detection of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Gramâ€™s stain of uncentrifuged urine was found to be the best among the screening tests which were evaluated. There was a higher prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in the IIIrd trimester (61.77%) than in the IInd trimester (32.35%) and the Ist trimester (5.88%).
Conclusions: Screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria in all the three trimesters is necessary to prevent the dangerous complications which are associated with asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy.