The study of Iran-Iraq war Victim Ear Finding in Golestan Province(Gorgan-IRAN) 2878-2882
Dr. Azad Reza Mansourian, Biochemistry and Metabolic Disorder Research Center. Golestan University of Medical Sciences. Gorgan – IRAN, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and aim: Ear as vestibule auditory system can be damaged by many cases. The Army personals whom are exposed to many traumas, ear can also be traumatized. Many of injuries to ears are irreversible, because of eight years of war in Iran and as far as there is not any study in Golestan Province about such an abnormality, this research was done for the determination of common findings in Golestan province about war victims, ear’s problems.
Material and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study on 256 war victims of Golestan province which were choosen on randomized sampling. Hearing loss tinnitus, othorea, vertigo, tympanic membrane perforation audiologic findings and the type of trauma were considered. B.C over than 15dB considered as hearing loss. Hearing loss were divided in few groups and the questionnaire was filled for all of the sample population. Dates were analyzed by SPSS soft ware and exact Fisher test.
Findings:In this study the sample population were exclusively male subjects, 21.5% complained from audiologic problems. 94.6% had hearing loss, 83.6% tinnitus without hearing loss, but there was a hearing loss on the audiologic findings. 80% of hearing loss was bilateral, 10.9% on the Wright and 9.1% on the left side. 89% of hearing loss was sensory neural 88% in high frequency. The intensity in 48.5% of sample population was 15-30dB, 6.4% of them had tympanic membrane perforation only in 3.6% of them othorea, was observed none had complained of vertigo.
Discussion: Also there are few years passed from the end of the war but still the hearing abnormality is a common problem among the war victims. Therefore it is necessary to look for manufacturing the sound protective instruments, at the same time proper training are required for those army personals in war front. On the condition where the sounds can cause reversible lesions the health care personal should be ready to look after of those victims. Also the risk factor should be omitted and the remaining hearing in the war victims to be preserved.