Seroprevalence Of The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) 1 And 2 Infections In A Tertiary Care Hospital
Dr. S S Solabannawar MD
Dept of microbiology,
SN Medical college,
Context: India is one of the largest and the most populated countries in the world, with over one billion inhabitants. Karnataka, a diverse state in the south west of India, has a population of around 53 million people. The districts with the highest prevalence of HIV infections tend to be located in northern Karnataka, which is known as the â€śDevadasi beltâ€ť. Many women from this part of the country are supplied to the sex trade in big cities such as Mumbai.
Aim: The present study was done to know the seroprevalence of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which is the causative agent of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Materials and Methods: Ten thousand seven hundred and sixty one (10761) blood samples were screened for the presence of the HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies by using a TRI DOT kit and third generation ELISA from August 2008 to July 2010.
Results and conclusions: Out of the 10761 samples screened, antibodies to HIV-1 were present in 525 (4.9%) patients, of which 307 (58.5%) were males and 218 (41.5%) were females. No HIV-2 case was detected. The prevalence of the viral infection also varied with age, the highest prevalence rate being 262 (50%) as recorded in the age group of 21-40 years, while the age group of 1-20 years had the lowest percentage positivity with a prevalence rate of 42 (8%). The findings of this study emphasize the more urgent need for interventional measures like sex education and health and preventive education among the general population.